314 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Arid3a regulates nephric tubule regeneration via evolutionarily conserved regeneration signal-response enhancers

    Nanoka Suzuki et al.
    Arid3a, a component of H3K9 me3 demethylases, regulates regeneration of the proximal nephric tubule through the evolutionarily conserved regeneration signal-response enhancer.
    1. Plant Biology

    Point of View: Europe’s first and last field trial of gene-edited plants?

    Jean-Denis Faure, Johnathan A Napier
    The reclassification of gene editing as "GM" will impact on European plant sciences, making it more difficult to validate new traits in field trials and drive forward innovation.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanosensory neurons control the timing of spinal microcircuit selection during locomotion

    Steven Knafo et al.
    Bioluminescence monitoring and selective silencing in zebrafish larva reveal a novel sensorimotor circuit modulating speed in the moving spinal cord.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rap2 and TNIK control Plexin-dependent tiled synaptic innervation in C. elegans

    Xi Chen et al.
    Plexin controls the spatial distribution of synapses by locally inhibiting Rap2 small GTPase activity along the axon, and a Rap2 effector, TNIK, which also plays a key role in inhibiting synapse number.
    1. Neuroscience

    The AMPA receptor-associated protein Shisa7 regulates hippocampal synaptic function and contextual memory

    Leanne J M Schmitz et al.
    Shisa7 is a bona-fide AMPAR modulatory protein affecting channel kinetics of hippocampal AMPARs, and is necessary for synaptic plasticity and memory recall.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    O-GlcNAc on NOTCH1 EGF repeats regulates ligand-induced Notch signaling and vascular development in mammals

    Shogo Sawaguchi et al.
    The transfer of O-GlcNAc by EOGT to specific EGF repeats of NOTCH1 promotes DLL4 binding, Notch signaling, and retinal vascular development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Similar synapse elimination motifs at successive relays in the same efferent pathway during development in mice

    Shu-Hsien Sheu et al.
    A similar pattern of developmental synaptic refinement leads two consecutive synaptic relays to have the same organization suggesting that some general principle of neural organization is at play.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    BRAFV600E cooperates with CDX2 inactivation to promote serrated colorectal tumorigenesis

    Naoya Sakamoto et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal how CDX2 and BRAF defects seen in serrated colorectal cancer (CRCs), a poor prognosis CRC subset, cooperate in tumorigenesis in humans and in a mouse cancer model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Organization and function of Drosophila odorant binding proteins

    Nikki K Larter et al.
    A genetic analysis reveals that some olfactory sensilla of Drosophila do not require an abundant odorant binding protein and that one such protein may act in gain control.

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