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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein Evolution: Building bigger beta-barrels

    Vikas Nanda
    The range of barrel-shaped proteins found in the outer membrane of certain bacteria evolved through multiple pathways.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Reproducibility in Cancer Biology: Getting to grips with c-Myc

    Dirk Eick
    The transcription factor c-Myc amplifies the transcription of many growth-related genes in cancer cells, but its role as an oncogene is not fully understood.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Multicellularity: How contraction has shaped evolution

    Mukund Thattai
    Two new unicellular organisms reveal that coordinated contractions of groups of cells using actomyosin predated animal multicellularity during evolution.
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neuropathy: Looking into nerve damage in the cornea

    Mihaela Gadjeva
    Interactions between T helper cells and the complement system promote loss of sensory neurons in the eye.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    Killifish illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Nothobranchius furzeri, an 'instant' fish from an ephemeral habitat

    Martin Reichard, Matej Polačik
    The turquoise killifish from ephemeral pools in African savannah combines extremely short lifespan with a standard vertebrate body plan – ideal attributes for a laboratory animal.
    1. Ecology

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Melanoma: Accelerating cancer without mutations

    Douglas E Brash
    Mice get melanoma faster when they have common, inherited variants in a few genes that control cell-wide changes but also respond to the environment.
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    1. Plant Biology

    Point of View: Europe’s first and last field trial of gene-edited plants?

    Jean-Denis Faure, Johnathan A Napier
    The reclassification of gene editing as "GM" will impact on European plant sciences, making it more difficult to validate new traits in field trials and drive forward innovation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory Neurons: A new target for G protein signaling

    László Csanády
    G protein-coupled receptor stimulation inhibits TRPM3 channel activity through direct binding of the Gβγ subunit to the channel.
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