6,582 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of Tsc1 in cerebellar Purkinje cells induces transcriptional and translation changes in FMRP target transcripts

    Jasbir Singh Dalal et al.
    Tsc1 mutation in cerebellar Purkinje cells leads to downregulation of synapse genes that are targets of the Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Regulation of mRNA translation during mitosis

    Marvin E Tanenbaum et al.
    Ribosomal profiling reveals that translational repression is an important mechanism for cell cycle control and can complement protein degradation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The ribosomal protein Asc1/RACK1 is required for efficient translation of short mRNAs

    Mary K Thompson et al.
    Asc1/RACK1 promotes the translation of mRNAs associated with the translational closed loop complex, which have short open reading frames and encode proteins required for core metabolic processes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    The E2 Marie Kondo and the CTLH E3 ligase clear deposited RNA binding proteins during the maternal-to-zygotic transition

    Michael Zavortink et al.
    In fruit flies, maternally deposited RNA-binding proteins are removed during the maternal-to-zygotic transition via a mechanism of translational upregulation of Kondo, the key E2 enzyme, at egg activation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genome-wide regulatory dynamics of translation in the Plasmodium falciparum asexual blood stages

    Florence Caro et al.
    Ribosome profiling has bridged the knowledge gap between transcription and translation during malaria blood stage development and provided a comprehensive gene expression resource for this parasite.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    mRNA-programmed translation pauses in the targeting of E. coli membrane proteins

    Nir Fluman et al.
    Translation pauses occur in strategic positions to facilitate the production of properly folded membrane proteins in bacteria.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The molecular basis of coupling between poly(A)-tail length and translational efficiency

    Kehui Xiang, David P Bartel
    For poly(A)-tail length to influence mRNA translational efficiency, poly(A)-binding protein (PABPC) must be limiting, mRNAs lacking PABPC must be stable, and translation initiation must be sensitive to PABPC levels.
    1. Cell Biology

    Peroxisomal lactate dehydrogenase is generated by translational readthrough in mammals

    Fabian Schueren et al.
    Whole-genome in silico screening for stop codon contexts that produce elevated translational readthrough and peroxisome targeting reveals that in mammals, the amount of lactate dehydrogenase in the peroxisome is controlled by translational readthrough.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The translational landscape of the splicing factor SRSF1 and its role in mitosis

    Magdalena M Maslon et al.
    Identifying the translational targets of the shuttling protein, SRSF1, reveals that it is needed for normal cell division, and suggests that it couples pre-mRNA splicing and translation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Activation of GCN2 kinase by ribosome stalling links translation elongation with translation initiation

    Ryuta Ishimura et al.
    Activation of the integrated stress response by stalled translation elongation complexes attenuates neurodegeneration, and demonstrates a protective link between a decrease in the rate of translation initiation and defects in translation elongation.

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