2,473 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial readout of visual looming in the central brain of Drosophila

    Mai M Morimoto et al.
    In the Drosophila central brain, synaptic connectivity extracts visual-spatial information from the axons of looming sensitive LC6 neurons that terminate in a glomerulus with minimal retinotopy.
    1. Cell Biology

    Genome-wide CRISPR screen identifies noncanonical NF-κB signaling as a regulator of density-dependent proliferation

    Maria Fomicheva, Ian G Macara
    TRAF3, a negative regulator of noncanonical NF-κB signaling, maintains epithelial cell quiescence at confluence, and its loss triggers upregulation of immunity genes and prevents entry into G0 at high cell density.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    New capsaicin analogs as molecular rulers to define the permissive conformation of the mouse TRPV1 ligand-binding pocket

    Simon Vu et al.
    Novel capsaicin analogs with conserved chemistry but varying sizes were used as molecular rulers to investigate energetics of conformational changes in the ligand-binding pocket and mechanisms of TRPV1 ligand-gating.
    1. Medicine

    Loss of adaptive capacity in asthmatic patients revealed by biomarker fluctuation dynamics after rhinovirus challenge

    Anirban Sinha et al.
    Fluctuation of biomarkers is a novel way of studying system stability during stable and unstable states of health and disease, revealing the systems' ability to cope with external perturbations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Testicular hormones mediate robust sex differences in impulsive choice in rats

    Caesar M Hernandez et al.
    Sex differences in impulsive decision making, such that males are less impulsive than females, are critically dependent upon testicular but not ovarian hormones.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glial insulin regulates cooperative or antagonistic Golden goal/Flamingo interactions during photoreceptor axon guidance

    Hiroki Takechi et al.
    Timely regulation of growth cone dynamics, including filopodial and cytoskeletal rearrangements through phosphorylation signals from glial cells, shapes the photoreceptor axon targeting.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Association of Toll-like receptor 7 variants with life-threatening COVID-19 disease in males: findings from a nested case-control study

    Chiara Fallerini et al.
    In the context of susceptibility to severe COVID-19, the observations of a study provide the basis for a personalized interferon-based therapy in patients with rare TLR7 variants.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    From local resynchronization to global pattern recovery in the zebrafish segmentation clock

    Koichiro Uriu et al.
    Theory explains how transport of gene expression vortices by cell advection may cause intermingled defective and normal segments along the body axis during resynchronization experiments in the zebrafish segmentation clock.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional specialization within the inferior parietal lobes across cognitive domains

    Ole Numssen et al.
    Data-driven and effective connectivity analyses reveal patterns of functional specialization, common mechanisms, and brain-wide interaction profiles within the human inferior parietal lobes for multiple functional domains.

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