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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric fine-tuning of the conformational equilibrium poises the chaperone BiP for post-translational regulation

    Lukasz Wieteska et al.
    The molecular chaperone BIP from the endoplasmic reticulum is fine-tuned postranslationally through the thermodynamic and kinetic alterations in its conformational ensemble of functionally and structurally distinct physiological forms.
    1. Plant Biology

    Regulation of plant immune receptor accumulation through translational repression by a glycine-tyrosine-phenylalanine (GYF) domain protein

    Zhongshou Wu et al.
    A GYF protein regulates plant immune receptor homeostasis through translational repression, a previously unknown mechanism.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Gene regulation: A transcriptional switch controls meiosis

    A Elizabeth Hildreth, Karen M Arndt
    A key protein involved in the segregation of meiotic chromosomes is produced 'just in time' by the regulated expression of two mRNA isoforms.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Translation repression via modulation of the cytoplasmic poly(A)-binding protein in the inflammatory response

    Xu Zhang et al.
    The RNA-binding protein, Zfp36, which is critical for resolving inflammation, inhibits the production of proinflammatory cytokines via modulation of the cytoplasmic poly(A)-binding protein.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Poly(A) tail length regulates PABPC1 expression to tune translation in the heart

    Sandip Chorghade et al.
    A poly(A) tail-based regulatory mechanism dynamically controls PABPC1 protein synthesis in cardiomyocytes and thereby titrates cellular translation in response to developmental and hypertrophic cues.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    miR-128 regulates neuronal migration, outgrowth and intrinsic excitability via the intellectual disability gene Phf6

    Eleonora Franzoni et al.
    The regulation of Phf6 by miR-128 is a developmental timing mechanism that influences cortical lamination, neuronal morphology and intrinsic excitability.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Repression of ferritin light chain translation by human eIF3

    Mia C Pulos-Holmes et al.
    Human ferritin light chain (FTL) mRNA translation is regulated via its 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) by three mechanisms: RNA folding, iron response protein binding, and eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF3 binding.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Peroxisomal lactate dehydrogenase is generated by translational readthrough in mammals

    Fabian Schueren et al.
    Whole-genome in silico screening for stop codon contexts that produce elevated translational readthrough and peroxisome targeting reveals that in mammals, the amount of lactate dehydrogenase in the peroxisome is controlled by translational readthrough.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The conserved RNA helicase YTHDC2 regulates the transition from proliferation to differentiation in the germline

    Alexis S Bailey et al.
    Post-transcriptional control by YTHDC2 is required to turn off the mitotic proliferation program and facilitate proper expression of the meiotic program to allow a clean cell fate transition in the germline stem cell lineage.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Kinetochore inactivation by expression of a repressive mRNA

    Jingxun Chen et al.
    Rather than being a protein coding unit, an mRNA molecule can serve a purely regulatory function to inhibit protein synthesis of its corresponding gene.