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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A dynamic RNA loop in an IRES affects multiple steps of elongation factor-mediated translation initiation

    Marisa D Ruehle et al.
    During initiation factor-independent RNA structure-driven translation initiation, a flexible RNA element drives the movement of a viral IRES through the ribosome's tRNA binding sites and promotes tRNA binding.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ciliate mitoribosome illuminates evolutionary steps of mitochondrial translation

    Victor Tobiasson, Alexey Amunts
    The ciliate mitoribosome structure provides new insights into the diversity of translation and its evolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct interactions of eIF4A and eIF4E with RNA helicase Ded1 stimulate translation in vivo

    Suna Gulay et al.
    Interactions of eIF4A and eIF4E with specific amino-acids in the N-terminal domain of DEAD-box helicase Ded1 enhance bulk polysome assembly and translation of reporter mRNAs with structured leaders in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Regulation of mRNA translation by a photoriboswitch

    Kelly A Rotstan et al.
    A synthetic riboswitch binding one isoform of a photoreversible ligand provides a photoregulatory tool for bacterial translation initiation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    eIF1A residues implicated in cancer stabilize translation preinitiation complexes and favor suboptimal initiation sites in yeast

    Pilar Martin-Marcos et al.
    Substitutions in general translation initiation factor eIF1A found as recurring somatic mutations in uveal melanoma destabilize the closed conformation of the preinitiation complex at the start codon and increase discrimination against suboptimal initiation codons genome-wide.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamics of ribosomes and release factors during translation termination in E. coli

    Sarah Adio et al.
    Translation termination is a stochastic process that utilizes loosely coupled motions of its players to complete protein synthesis and release the newly synthesized nascent chain toward its cellular destination.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Repression of ferritin light chain translation by human eIF3

    Mia C Pulos-Holmes et al.
    Human ferritin light chain (FTL) mRNA translation is regulated via its 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) by three mechanisms: RNA folding, iron response protein binding, and eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF3 binding.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Translation of 5′ leaders is pervasive in genes resistant to eIF2 repression

    Dmitry E Andreev et al.
    Most of the mRNAs whose translation is resistant to the stress-induced repression of protein synthesis contain upstream open reading frames that are efficiently translated under normal conditions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genome-wide regulatory dynamics of translation in the Plasmodium falciparum asexual blood stages

    Florence Caro et al.
    Ribosome profiling has bridged the knowledge gap between transcription and translation during malaria blood stage development and provided a comprehensive gene expression resource for this parasite.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Protein translocation channel of mitochondrial inner membrane and matrix-exposed import motor communicate via two-domain coupling protein

    Rupa Banerjee et al.
    Two domains of the peripheral membrane protein Tim44 interact with two different sectors of a translocase to coordinate the translocation of proteins across the inner mitochondrial membrane.