1,639 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single methyl groups can act as toggle switches to specify transmembrane Protein-protein interactions

    Li He et al.
    The placement of single methyl groups at certain positions in the sequence of small model transmembrane proteins consisting solely of leucines and isoleucines can modulate highly specific, productive interactions with the transmembrane domain of the erythropoietin receptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    v-SNARE transmembrane domains function as catalysts for vesicle fusion

    Madhurima Dhara et al.
    Structural flexibility of the synaptobrevin-2 transmembrane domain promotes membrane fusion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Implications of the differing roles of the β1 and β3 transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains for integrin function

    Zhenwei Lu et al.
    Diverse biophysical properties of β1 and β3 integrin transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains result in distinct mechanisms of integrin activation and function.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic insight into the conserved allosteric regulation of periplasmic proteolysis by the signaling molecule cyclic-di-GMP

    Debashree Chatterjee et al.
    Structure-function analyses reveal the mechanistic underpinnings of inside-out transmembrane signaling that controls periplasmic proteolysis, and thereby biofilm formation, in bacteria and may be relevant in the context of other signaling proteins with similar control elements.
    1. Cell Biology

    Transmembrane chemokines act as receptors in a novel mechanism termed inverse signaling

    Kirsten Hattermann et al.
    In a new mechanism of cellular communication termed “inverse signaling", a transmembrane chemokine acts as a "receptor" for its previously shed form.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural basis for effector transmembrane domain recognition by type VI secretion system chaperones

    Shehryar Ahmad et al.
    A widespread family of chaperones functions to stabilize membrane protein effectors by mimicking transmembrane helical environments and promotes effector export by the bacterial type VI secretion system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integration of Tmc1/2 into the mechanotransduction complex in zebrafish hair cells is regulated by Transmembrane O-methyltransferase (Tomt)

    Timothy Erickson et al.
    A zebrafish model for a particular form of human deafness (DFNB63) changes our view of this disease by revealing a defect in the localization of Transmembrane channel-like proteins that are essential for mechanotransduction in sensory cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    An allosteric Sec61 inhibitor traps nascent transmembrane helices at the lateral gate

    Andrew L MacKinnon et al.
    A small molecule, cotransin, blocks transmembrane domains form integrating into cell membranes by allosterically ‘locking’ the lateral gate of the Sec61 translocation channel.
    1. Cell Biology

    dPob/EMC is essential for biosynthesis of rhodopsin and other multi-pass membrane proteins in Drosophila photoreceptors

    Takunori Satoh et al.
    A membrane protein complex in the endoplasmic reticulum is a key factor for the biogenesis of multi-pass transmembrane proteins, including Rh1, and its loss causes retinal degeneration.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Clusters of polymorphic transmembrane genes control resistance to schistosomes in snail vectors

    Jacob A Tennessen et al.
    A region of the Biomphalaria genome, containing highly divergent haplotypes with different combinations of transmembrane genes, strongly impacts whether these snails can transmit parasitic schistosomes.

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