1,406 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary conflicts and adverse effects of antiviral factors

    Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff
    Innate antiviral factors do not always perfectly distinguish between self and foreign, and potential adverse effects of antiviral defense mechanisms for the host have been discussed.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ATP and large signaling metabolites flux through caspase-activated Pannexin 1 channels

    Adishesh K Narahari et al.
    Purified Pannexin 1 channels activated by caspase cleavage in proteoliposomes reconstitute a permeation pathway for intercellular signaling molecules important in inflammation and cell clearance.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    SARS-CoV-2 entry into human airway organoids is serine protease-mediated and facilitated by the multibasic cleavage site

    Anna Z Mykytyn et al.
    Whereas SARS-CoV-2 utilizes cathepsins to enter most cell lines, human airway organoids revealed that entry into relevant cells is dependent on serine proteases, which can be targeted for treatment.
    1. Ecology

    A gustatory receptor tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

    Ke Yang et al.
    The gustatory receptor PxylGr34 is tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide and mediates the deterrent effects of brassinolide on feeding and ovipositing behaviors in Plutella xylostella.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Thymic stromal lymphopoietin limits primary and recall CD8+ T-cell anti-viral responses

    Risa Ebina-Shibuya et al.
    Immunological analysis of wild-type and Crlf2-/- mice reveals a role for the cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin on memory CD8+ T-cell responses to viral infection, findings with potential translational implications.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A molecular mechanism for LINC complex branching by structurally diverse SUN-KASH 6:6 assemblies

    Manickam Gurusaran, Owen Richard Davies
    The LINC complex has a core 6:6 structure in which KASH-binding induces head-to-head interactions between SUN trimers, suggesting force transduction between cytoskeletal and nuclear components through branched LINC complex networks.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Fine interaction profiling of VemP and mechanisms responsible for its translocation-coupled arrest-cancelation

    Ryoji Miyazaki et al.
    Time-resolved and site-directed in vivo photo-crosslinking analysis of VemP allows identification of both cis- and trans-elements required for its regulated arrest-cancelation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of bacterial phospholipid transporter MlaFEDB with substrate bound

    Nicolas Coudray et al.
    Structure of MlaFEDB ABC transporter with substrate bound in the outward-open pocket of MlaE provides mechanistic insights into lipid transport within the Gram-negative bacterial cell envelope.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial symbiont subpopulations have different roles in a deep-sea symbiosis

    Tjorven Hinzke et al.
    Physiological differentiation during symbiosis leads to division of labor between smaller and larger cells in an uncultured bacterial tubeworm symbiont population and results in remarkable metabolic diversity and complexity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural and mechanistic basis of the EMC-dependent biogenesis of distinct transmembrane clients

    Lakshmi E Miller-Vedam et al.
    Structure-function characterization of the EMC's cytoplasmic, transmembrane, and lumenal domains reveal features critical for terminal helix insertion and a specialized role for the lumenal domain in polytopic membrane protein biogenesis.

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