1,847 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Separable gain control of ongoing and evoked activity in the visual cortex by serotonergic input

    Zohre Azimi et al.
    Serotonergic input to visual cortex controls ongoing and evoked activity in a separable manner via distinct receptor pathways.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The skin microbiome facilitates adaptive tetrodotoxin production in poisonous newts

    Patric M Vaelli et al.
    Skin-associated bacteria underlie the production of a potent defensive neurotoxin in newts, impacting host physiology, molecular evolution, and predator-prey interactions in a coevolutionary arms race.
    1. Neuroscience

    Incomplete vesicular docking limits synaptic strength under high release probability conditions

    Gerardo Malagon et al.
    The probability of occupancy of individual synaptic release sites at rest sets an upper limit to synaptic output when increasing action potential related calcium entry.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An atypical DYRK kinase connects quorum-sensing with posttranscriptional gene regulation in Trypanosoma brucei

    Mathieu Cayla et al.
    A trypanosome DYRK kinase that exhibits fundamental differences to conventional DYRK family regulation links parasite quorum sensing, signal transduction and developmental gene expression.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase uses its NAD+ substrate-binding site to chaperone phosphorylated Tau

    Xiaojuan Ma et al.
    Mechanistic insight into the chaperone-like activity of NMNAT to phosphorylated Tau reveals a connection between NAD+metabolism and Tau homeostasis.
  1. People walking in an airport

    Episode 65: March 2020

    In this episode we hear about bats hosting deadly viruses, screening travelers for COVID-19, Tuvan singers and predicting educational success.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar modulation of synaptic input to freezing-related neurons in the periaqueductal gray

    Christopher E Vaaga et al.
    The mouse cerebellum regulates innate defensive neural circuitry by tonically controlling dopamine release in the periaqueductal gray, thereby modulating synaptic responses of the Chx10-positive neurons that generate freezing behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific exon methylation and CTCF binding in neurons regulate calcium ion channel splicing and function

    Eduardo Javier López Soto, Diane Lipscombe
    Cell-specific alternative splicing of the synaptic calcium channel gene Cacna1b is controlled by exon hypomethylation and CTCF binding and is disrupted following nerve injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kainate receptors regulate development of glutamatergic synaptic circuitry in the rodent amygdala

    Maria Ryazantseva et al.
    Glutamatergic projections from basolateral to central amygdala, implicated in neuropsychiatric disorders, develop rapidly during early postnatal period and their development is modulated via endogenously active kainate receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Proteome dynamics during homeostatic scaling in cultured neurons

    Aline Ricarda Dörrbaum et al.
    Dynamic SILAC labeling in combination with mass spectrometry revealed substantial regulation of protein synthesis, degradation, turnover, and abundance during homeostatic scaling in neurons.

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