242 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping mutational effects along the evolutionary landscape of HIV envelope

    Hugh K Haddox et al.
    Deep mutational scanning of Env proteins from two transmitted-founder strains of HIV shows how the accessible evolutionary space changes as the virus evolves.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: What next for gain-of-function research in Europe?

    Robin Fears, Volker ter Meulen
    A EASAC working group on gain-of-function research has emphasised the importance of ensuring that the necessary safeguards and policies are in place.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into mammalian biology from the wild house mouse Mus musculus

    Megan Phifer-Rixey, Michael W Nachman
    Studies of the house mouse Mus musculus have provided important insights into mammalian biology, and efforts to study wild house mice and to create new inbred strains from wild populations have the potential to increase its usefulness as a model system.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Influenza virus: Interfering with transmission

    Andreas Wack
    The IFNλ family of interferons controls the spread of viruses in the upper respiratory tract and transmission between mice.
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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Contagious Cancers: A ‘devil’ of a problem

    Victoria L Hansen, Robert D Miller
    The discovery of a second facial tumor disease in the Tasmanian devil has provided insights into the emergence of contagious cancers.
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IRF4 haploinsufficiency in a family with Whipple’s disease

    Antoine Guérin et al.
    Autosomal dominant IRF4 deficiency is the first genetic etiology of Whipple's disease, a very rare chronic condition following a rather common infection by Tropheryma whipplei.
    1. Plant Biology

    Antimicrobial peptide expression in a wild tobacco plant reveals the limits of host-microbe-manipulations in the field

    Arne Weinhold et al.
    The attempt to manipulate a microbiome in planta to study the ecological consequences under field conditions leaves plants and their microbes surprisingly unimpressed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeting light-gated chloride channels to neuronal somatodendritic domain reduces their excitatory effect in the axon

    Jessica E Messier et al.
    A high axonal chloride concentration explains why activation of light-gated chloride channels causes neurotransmitter release, and a novel hybrid somatodendritic targeting motif ameliorates this phenomenon and improves their inhibitory function.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Elastic force restricts growth of the murine utricle

    Ksenia Gnedeva et al.
    Computational modeling and molecular-biological analysis reveal the role of mechanical force and downstream Yap signaling in growth control during the development and regeneration of sensory epithelium of the inner ear.

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