2,220 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Origin and evolution of transporter substrate specificity within the NPF family

    Morten Egevang Jørgensen et al.
    Phylogenetic and biochemical analyses reveals a shared evolutionary path between biosynthesis and transport of defense metabolites in plants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Assembling the Tat protein translocase

    Felicity Alcock et al.
    Evolutionary bioinformatics and experimentation are applied to the components of the Tat protein transport system to elucidate the structure of the membrane-bound receptor complex and to deduce a molecular description for its substrate-triggered activation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Hemimetabolous insects elucidate the origin of sexual development via alternative splicing

    Judith Wexler et al.
    Sexual differentiation controlled by sex-specific mRNA splicing evolved in a step-wise manner in insects.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Inducing conformational preference of the membrane protein transporter EmrE through conservative mutations

    Maureen Leninger et al.
    Conservative mutations within a secondary active transport protein influenced the conformational equilibrium probed using NMR spectroscopy which correlated to the functional output in vivo.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conserved mechanisms of microtubule-stimulated ADP release, ATP binding, and force generation in transport kinesins

    Joseph Atherton et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy reconstructions of two microtubule-bound transport kinesins at 7 Å resolution reveal how microtubule track binding stimulates ADP release, primes the active site for ATP binding and enables force generation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Screening of candidate substrates and coupling ions of transporters by thermostability shift assays

    Homa Majd et al.
    It is technically difficult to identify transport proteins, but here a method is presented that exploits the principle that they are stabilized in detergent solution when they bind their substrate.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new family of cell surface located purine transporters in Microsporidia and related fungal endoparasites

    Peter Major et al.
    Transporters shared by fungal intracellular parasites provide new insights into the evolution of nucleotide and energy parasitism.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intraflagellar Transport: Moving proteins along in the cilium

    Narcis Adrian Petriman, Esben Lorentzen
    The structures of the bovine and human BBSome reveal that a conformational change is required to recruit the complex to the ciliary membrane.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Vision: Framing orientation selectivity

    Floris P de Lange, Matthias Ekman
    The ongoing debate on the neural basis of orientation selectivity in the primary visual cortex continues.
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