3,305 results found
  1. July 2013

    Episode 2: July 2013

    In this episode we hear about plants doing maths, the evolution of cancer, why blood vessels don'€™t grow in the retina, the immune system and more.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The crystal structure of bromide-bound GtACR1 reveals a pre-activated state in the transmembrane anion tunnel

    Hai Li et al.
    Substrate-induced structural changes in GtACR1 provide new insight into the chemical mechanism of natural light-gated anion conductance and facilitate its optimization for photoinhibition of neuron firing in optogenetics.
    1. Medicine

    Weight loss, insulin resistance, and study design confound results in a meta-analysis of animal models of fatty liver

    Harriet Hunter et al.
    Animal studies of fatty liver disease over-estimate the benefit of drugs due to publication bias and are confounded by off-target weight loss, illustrating the challenge of successful translational across species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Induced sensorimotor cortex plasticity remediates chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect

    Jacinta O'Shea et al.
    Tonic disinhibition of left motor cortex during prism adaptation enhanced consolidation of sensorimotor and cognitive prism after effects, causing lasting clinical gains in three patient cases with chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Endocrine remodelling of the adult intestine sustains reproduction in Drosophila

    Tobias Reiff et al.
    A hormone released after mating acts directly on adult intestinal progenitors and differentiated epithelial cells in Drosophila to change their homeostatic setpoint and maximise fecundity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-cell and single-nucleus RNA-seq uncovers shared and distinct axes of variation in dorsal LGN neurons in mice, non-human primates, and humans

    Trygve E Bakken et al.
    Transcriptomic differences between relay neurons in the mature mammalian dLGN are subtle relative to striking differences in morphology and cortical projection targets.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Regulation of signaling directionality revealed by 3D snapshots of a kinase:regulator complex in action

    Felipe Trajtenberg et al.
    The molecular mechanism of switching between phosphotransferase- and phosphatase-competent states in histidine-kinases has been uncovered, through direct crystallographic observation of bona fide complexes between a histidine-kinase and its response regulator from Bacillus subtilise.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut bacteria are rarely shared by co-hospitalized premature infants, regardless of necrotizing enterocolitis development

    Tali Raveh-Sadka et al.
    Rapid yet comprehensive, genome-resolved analysis of fecal samples from premature infants reveals little overlap in strain composition of gut microbial communities, despite co-hospitalization, and suggests the existence of barriers to strain dispersal.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Longitudinal proteomic profiling of dialysis patients with COVID-19 reveals markers of severity and predictors of death

    Jack Gisby et al.
    Severe COVID-19 is characterised by a plasma proteomic biomarker signature, indicating innate immune activation, leucocyte–endothelial interactions, and epithelial injury.

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