308 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The effect of hybridization on transposable element accumulation in an undomesticated fungal species

    Mathieu Hénault et al.
    Transposable elements are not reactivated in natural hybrids of the yeast Saccharomyces paradoxus, but their accumulation is genotype-specific and is not predicted by the evolutionary divergence between a hybrid's parents.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Pervasive epigenetic effects of Drosophila euchromatic transposable elements impact their evolution

    Yuh Chwen G Lee, Gary H Karpen
    The ability of transposable elements to epigenetically influence adjacent genes impacts genome evolution by driving substantial variation in transposon numbers between species.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Non-allelic gene conversion enables rapid evolutionary change at multiple regulatory sites encoded by transposable elements

    Christopher E Ellison, Doris Bachtrog
    Fully functional regulatory elements can arise rapidly from transposable elements via a novel route where non-allelic gene conversion can act to speed up the evolutionary fine-tuning of regulatory elements.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Asexual reproduction reduces transposable element load in experimental yeast populations

    Jens Bast et al.
    Sexual reproduction is responsible for the evolutionary success of selfish transposable elements.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Population scale mapping of transposable element diversity reveals links to gene regulation and epigenomic variation

    Tim Stuart et al.
    Fine mapping of transposable element presence/absence variation amongst 216 Arabidopsis strains uncovers widespread novel genetic diversity that underlies differences in transcription and DNA methylation patterns.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Silencing of transposable elements may not be a major driver of regulatory evolution in primate iPSCs

    Michelle C Ward et al.
    Human and chimpanzee-induced pluripotent stem cells show limited species-specificity in transposable element silencing.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Functional evaluation of transposable elements as enhancers in mouse embryonic and trophoblast stem cells

    Christopher D Todd et al.
    Genetic and epigenetic editing experiments establish causal links between transposon-derived enhancers and gene regulation in mouse embryonic and extraembryonic lineages.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Diversification of the Caenorhabditis heat shock response by Helitron transposable elements

    Jacob M Garrigues et al.
    Helitron transposable elements, by providing high density transcription factor binding sites upstream of host genes, have diversified the heat shock response within and among Caenorhabditis species.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Har-P, a short P-element variant, weaponizes P-transposase to severely impair Drosophila development

    Satyam P Srivastav et al.
    A female fertility syndrome in Drosophila called gonadal dysgenesis is caused by the P-transposase actively mobilizing a very short P-element variant that has been named the Har-P.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    The MADS-box transcription factor PHERES1 controls imprinting in the endosperm by binding to domesticated transposons

    Rita A Batista et al.
    Jumping of transposable elements provides DNA-binding sites for the MADS-box transcription factor PHERES1, allowing the regulation of imprinted genes and other key endosperm development genes.

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