33 results found
  1. May 2014

    Episode 12: May 2014

    In this episode we hear about the neuroscience of chewing, skin cancer, African sleeping sickness, an ancient protein complex, and our editor-in-chief shares his thoughts on scientific publishing.
    1. Neuroscience

    An open cortico-basal ganglia loop allows limbic control over motor output via the nigrothalamic pathway

    Sho Aoki et al.
    A novel connection from ventral striatum to motor cortex enables emotion and motivation to influence action and motor control.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    An alternative splicing switch shapes neurexin repertoires in principal neurons versus interneurons in the mouse hippocampus

    Thi-Minh Nguyen et al.
    Interneuron-specific alternative splice variants of the synaptic receptor neurexin are critical for hippocampal network activity and short-term memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential inputs to striatal cholinergic and parvalbumin interneurons imply functional distinctions

    Jason R Klug et al.
    A brain-wide mapping of the direct inputs to striatal cholinergic and parvalbumin interneurons reveals connectivity differences and implies their distinct roles in regulating striatal function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impairments in laterodorsal tegmentum to VTA projections underlie glucocorticoid-triggered reward deficits

    Bárbara Coimbra et al.
    LDT-VTA dysfunction induced by prenatal glucocorticoid exposure leads to reward deficits that can be ameliorated by selective optogenetic activation of this circuit.
    1. Neuroscience

    Aversive stimuli drive hypothalamus-to-habenula excitation to promote escape behavior

    Salvatore Lecca et al.
    Glutamatergic signaling from the lateral hypothalamus instructs lateral habenular neurons for encoding aversive external stimuli to subsequently guide escape behaviours.
    1. Neuroscience

    Live calcium and mitochondrial imaging in the enteric nervous system of Parkinson patients and controls

    An-Sofie Desmet et al.
    In contrast to previous post-mortem or fixed tissue histochemical reports, live calcium and mitochondrial imaging data suggest that the enteric nervous system is not generally affected in Parkinson's disease patients.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Filamin, a synaptic organizer in Drosophila, determines glutamate receptor composition and membrane growth

    GaYoung Lee, Thomas L Schwarz
    Filamin, by recruiting a signaling complex to the postsynapse, orchestrates the correct formation and growth of postsynaptic membranes and localization of glutamate receptor subunits.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The postsynaptic t-SNARE Syntaxin 4 controls traffic of Neuroligin 1 and Synaptotagmin 4 to regulate retrograde signaling

    Kathryn P Harris et al.
    Syntaxin 4 regulates retrograde signaling in the postsynaptic compartment at Drosophila synapses by controlling trafficking of Neuroligin and Synaptotagmin 4 cargo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sparse recurrent excitatory connectivity in the microcircuit of the adult mouse and human cortex

    Stephanie C Seeman et al.
    A high-throughput pipeline for the characterization of cortical connectivity in mouse and human cortex.

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