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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An integrin/MFG-E8 shuttle loads HIV-1 viral-like particles onto follicular dendritic cells in mouse lymph node

    Chung Park, John H Kehrl
    Intravital imaging with HIV-1 viral-like particle in mouse model reveals a mechanism for HIV-1 uptake by subcapsular sinus macrophages that facilitates HIV-1 spreading tofollicular dendritic and B cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    PLZF targets developmental enhancers for activation during osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

    Shuchi Agrawal Singh et al.
    A key transcription-factor for osteogenic differentiation, PLZF, acts as a transcriptional activator by binding to active developmental enhancers and facilitates mediator recruitment, but is not involved in enhancer looping.
    1. Neuroscience

    Medial entorhinal cortex activates in a traveling wave in the rat

    J Jesús Hernández-Pérez et al.
    The existence of traveling waves in the medial entorhinal cortex, like those observed in the hippocampus, supports the hypothesis that traveling waves coordinate the activity of anatomically distributed circuits.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces decelerated bioenergetic metabolism in human macrophages

    Bridgette M Cumming et al.
    Quantifiable bioenergetic parameters, determined from extracellular flux analyses, are distinct between macrophages infected with Mycobacteriumtuberculosis or vaccine strain M. bovis BCG, enabling assessment of future vaccine and drug efficacy.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription factor clusters regulate genes in eukaryotic cells

    Adam JM Wollman et al.
    Transcription factors form clusters independently of the presence of DNA, which regulate target genes as opposed to individual monomers, addressing a longstanding question of how transcription factors can find gene targets so quickly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    iTAP, a novel iRhom interactor, controls TNF secretion by policing the stability of iRhom/TACE

    Ioanna Oikonomidi et al.
    Secretion of the inflammatory cytokine TNF requires a protein called iTAP/FrmD8, which controls the cell surface stability of the TNF shedding machinery, iRhom2 and TACE/ADAM17.
    1. Neuroscience

    A time-stamp mechanism may provide temporal information necessary for egocentric to allocentric spatial transformations

    Avner Wallach et al.
    A novel neural mechanism for precise, unbiased estimation of time intervals in the thalamus of electric fish is likely used for computing distance between object encounters.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tenectin recruits integrin to stabilize bouton architecture and regulate vesicle release at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction

    Qi Wang et al.
    Characterization of Tnc as a selective integrin ligand at the Drosophila NMJ allows for unprecedented insights into our understanding of extracellular matrix/integrin interactions at synaptic locations and reveals novel, distinct presynaptic and postsynaptic integrin functions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Elastic force restricts growth of the murine utricle

    Ksenia Gnedeva et al.
    Computational modeling and molecular-biological analysis reveal the role of mechanical force and downstream Yap signaling in growth control during the development and regeneration of sensory epithelium of the inner ear.
    1. Neuroscience

    Organization and function of Drosophila odorant binding proteins

    Nikki K Larter et al.
    A genetic analysis reveals that some olfactory sensilla of Drosophila do not require an abundant odorant binding protein and that one such protein may act in gain control.