536 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Lineage mapping identifies molecular and architectural similarities between the larval and adult Drosophila central nervous system

    Haluk Lacin, James W Truman
    Mapping individual neural stem cells to their corresponding embryonic and postembryonic progeny shows that these sets of neurons have profound molecular and anatomical similarities despite building different central nervous systems.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Brahma is essential for Drosophila intestinal stem cell proliferation and regulated by Hippo signaling

    Yunyun Jin et al.
    The Brahma chromatin remodelling complex interacts with the Hippo signalling pathway to regulate the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells in the Drosophila midgut.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A nanobody-based molecular toolkit provides new mechanistic insight into clathrin-coat initiation

    Linton M Traub
    New intracellularly-expressed llama anti-EPS15 nanobodies reveal that pioneer clathrin-coat components function upstream of AP-2 clathrin adaptor deposition at the plasma membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Central processing of leg proprioception in Drosophila

    Sweta Agrawal et al.
    Proprioceptive signals about leg position, movement, and vibration are integrated in downstream circuits in the fly's central nervous system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ensemble cryo-EM uncovers inchworm-like translocation of a viral IRES through the ribosome

    Priyanka D Abeyrathne et al.
    An ensemble of cryo-EM structures reveals how eukaryotic elongation factor 2 positions the first codon of a viral mRNA for translation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Occurrence of long-term depression in the cerebellar flocculus during adaptation of optokinetic response

    Takuma Inoshita, Tomoo Hirano
    Motor training decreased the unit synaptic response and suppressed induction of long-term depression at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses in the cerebellum, supporting involvement of long-term depression in motor learning.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Coevolution-based inference of amino acid interactions underlying protein function

    Victor H Salinas, Rama Ranganathan
    A deep mutational coupling study demonstrates the ability of sequence coevolution methods to reveal the pattern of amino acid interactions underlying protein function.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Microsecond sub-domain motions and the folding and misfolding of the mouse prion protein

    Rama Reddy Goluguri et al.
    Native state dynamics of mouse prion protein were measured, and these motions were shown to be having a role in initiation of aggregation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Niemann-Pick type C proteins promote microautophagy by expanding raft-like membrane domains in the yeast vacuole

    Takuma Tsuji et al.
    Sterol transport by Niemann-Pick type C proteins induces the expansion of raft-like domains in the yeast vacuole, enabling engulfment of lipid droplets by microautophagy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophin-3 regulates ribbon synapse density in the cochlea and induces synapse regeneration after acoustic trauma

    Guoqiang Wan et al.
    Overexpression of the growth factor neurotrophin-3 helps to repair noise-induced damage in the mouse inner ear by promoting the regeneration of damaged synapses.

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