1,436 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    How many neurons are sufficient for perception of cortical activity?

    Henry WP Dalgleish et al.
    Targeted optogenetic activation of small ensembles of neurons is sufficient to trigger a behavioral report while recruiting matched network suppression, suggesting exquisite sensitivity despite network mechanisms that maintain sparseness.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of diverse poxin cGAMP nucleases reveal a widespread role for cGAS-STING evasion in host–pathogen conflict

    James B Eaglesham et al.
    Poxin enzymes are a diverse family of insect and viral 2′3′-cGAMP nucleases, which evolved from self-cleaving RNA virus accessory proteases.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Recurrent evolution of high virulence in isolated populations of a DNA virus

    Tom Hill, Robert L Unckless
    The same host–virus interactions can evolve multiple times in nature, due to the high effective mutation rate of viruses, and provide interesting systems of study.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Talin-activated vinculin interacts with branched actin networks to initiate bundles

    Rajaa Boujemaa-Paterski et al.
    At adhesion sites, talin-activated vinculin promotes interactions with the actin network that initiates bundles.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Genetic timestamping of plasma cells in vivo reveals tissue-specific homeostatic population turnover

    An Qi Xu et al.
    A new system to genetically label and manipulate plasma cells in vivo in their microenvironment resolves current technical limitations and reveals tissue-specific homeostatic population turnover.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Asymmetric neurogenic commitment of retinal progenitors involves Notch through the endocytic pathway

    Elisa Nerli et al.
    A quantitative live imaging approach unveils that earliest neurogenic progenitors in the vertebrate retina arise from asymmetric divisions and that this asymmetry involves Notch signalling through the endocytic pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robo functions as an attractive cue for glial migration through SYG-1/Neph

    Zhongwei Qu et al.
    An extracellular cleavage fragment of Robo released from neurons can bind to glia-expressed SYG-1 to guide glia migration.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrase-RNA interactions underscore the critical role of integrase in HIV-1 virion morphogenesis

    Jennifer L Elliott et al.
    HIV-1 integrase-RNA interactions account for the key role of integrase in particle maturation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A low affinity cis-regulatory BMP response element restricts target gene activation to subsets of Drosophila neurons

    Anthony JE Berndt et al.
    DNA motifs tuned for low affinity binding of BMP-induced pMad/Medea transcription factors function to restrict gene activation to small subsets of the many Drosophila neurons that exhibit active BMP signaling.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interplay between bacterial deubiquitinase and ubiquitin E3 ligase regulates ubiquitin dynamics on Legionella phagosomes

    Shuxin Liu et al.
    A novel bacterial deubiquitinase with multiple chain types specificity regulates the association of ubiquitinated proteins on the phagosome of Legionella pneumophila.

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