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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Predicting evolution from the shape of genealogical trees

    Richard A Neher et al.
    A general method for inferring fitness from a sample of nucleotide sequences can predict the progenitor of next year's seasonal influenza.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell transcriptome analysis defines heterogeneity of the murine pancreatic ductal tree

    Audrey M Hendley et al.
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing analyses and functional studies define heterogeneity within the pancreatic ductal tree and unique properties of subpopulations of duct cells including an epithelial-mesenchymal transcriptomic axis and roles in chronic pancreatic inflammation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Coupling adaptive molecular evolution to phylodynamics using fitness-dependent birth-death models

    David A Rasmussen, Tanja Stadler
    A new model describes how adaptive molecular evolution shapes phylogenetic trees and can be used to estimate the fitness effects of mutations from phylogenies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Catalysis-dependent selenium incorporation and migration in the nitrogenase active site iron-molybdenum cofactor

    Thomas Spatzal et al.
    Unanticipated rearrangements in the nitrogenase active site establish the dynamic nature of the FeMo-cofactor during catalysis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Atypical intrinsic neural timescale in autism

    Takamitsu Watanabe et al.
    Atypical intrinsic neural timescales in the sensory cortex and caudate were associated with local grey matter volume, and linked with the severity of autism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Revealing the distribution of transmembrane currents along the dendritic tree of a neuron from extracellular recordings

    Dorottya Cserpán et al.
    A computational method reveals current sources along the dendritic tree of a single neuron of known morphology from extracellular potential.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Determining the probability of hemiplasy in the presence of incomplete lineage sorting and introgression

    Mark S Hibbins et al.
    Introgression makes hemiplasy more likely, and the probability of hemiplasy incorporating incomplete lineage sorting (ILS) and introgression can be estimated using the presented simulation software.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Hfq CLASH uncovers sRNA-target interaction networks linked to nutrient availability adaptation

    Ira Alexandra Iosub et al.
    High-throughput RNA-RNA interaction analysis uncovers many novel sRNA-target interactions at various growth stages in Escherichia coli.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An updated phylogeny of the Alphaproteobacteria reveals that the parasitic Rickettsiales and Holosporales have independent origins

    Sergio A Muñoz-Gómez et al.
    Diverse sophisticated phylogenetic analyses update the phylogeny of the Alphaproteobacteria and show that the parasitic Holosporales is a derived group within the Rhodospirillales order which comprises primarily free-living alphaproteobacteria.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    T2N as a new tool for robust electrophysiological modeling demonstrated for mature and adult-born dentate granule cells

    Marcel Beining et al.
    T2N, a novel interface between Matlab, TREES toolbox and NEURON, was used to generate compartmental models that reproduce the electrophysiology of dentate granule cells over a multitude of species, experimental conditions and developmental stages.