158 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    daf-16/FoxO promotes gluconeogenesis and trehalose synthesis during starvation to support survival

    Jonathan D Hibshman et al.
    daf-16/FoxO restructures metabolism during acute starvation to promote synthesis of trehalose, which supports survival as a stress protectant and energy source.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Synergy between the small intrinsically disordered protein Hsp12 and trehalose sustain viability after severe desiccation

    Skylar Xantus Kim et al.
    Two small, energy independent stress effectors are able to counteract all of the major insults imposed by severe water loss.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The glyoxylate shunt is essential for desiccation tolerance in C. elegans and budding yeast

    Cihan Erkut et al.
    Roundworms and yeast can survive extreme desiccation only by switching their metabolism into a gluconeogenic mode and producing very high amounts of trehalose via the glyoxylate shunt.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Metabolic constraints drive self-organization of specialized cell groups

    Sriram Varahan et al.
    In a developing yeast colony, cells go from homogeneous states to spatially organized, specialized metabolic states, and the new metabolic states depend on resources produced by the original state.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Resource plasticity-driven carbon-nitrogen budgeting enables specialization and division of labor in a clonal community

    Sriram Varahan et al.
    Sufficient aspartate drives specialization within a microbial colony, when some cells use it to create a limited carbon-resource, while other cells consume this resource and use aspartate for nucleotide synthesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A tRNA modification balances carbon and nitrogen metabolism by regulating phosphate homeostasis

    Ritu Gupta et al.
    The role of an amino acid-dependent tRNA modification as a nutrient sensor and regulator of metabolic homeostasis has been discovered.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Msn2/4 regulate expression of glycolytic enzymes and control transition from quiescence to growth

    Zheng Kuang et al.
    General stress response factors Msn2 and Msn4 activate glycolytic genes and promote acetyl-CoA accumulation to stimulate growth and proliferation of yeast cells under a nutrient-limiting condition, suggesting the unexpected interrelationship between carbohydrate metabolism and stress response.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insect endosymbiont proliferation is limited by lipid availability

    Jeremy K Herren et al.
    The endosymbiont Spiroplasma can only proliferate if it can acquire sufficient hemolymph lipids from its insect host.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    A receptor and neuron that activate a circuit limiting sucrose consumption

    Ryan M Joseph et al.
    Although sugar-sensing taste neurons typically promote feeding, a taste neuron in the Drosophila pharynx limits feeding via the IR60b receptor; thus, revealing a new element in the circuit logic of feeding control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition of striatonigral autophagy as a link between cannabinoid intoxication and impairment of motor coordination

    Cristina Blázquez et al.
    Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol impairs motor coordination in mice by inhibiting autophagy in the striatonigral pathway, thus defining a new conceptual view of how cannabis acts in the brain.

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