69 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A unicellular relative of animals generates a layer of polarized cells by actomyosin-dependent cellularization

    Omaya Dudin et al.
    Cellularization in Sphaeroforma arctica generates a self-organized structure that morphologically resembles an epithelium, and is associated with tightly regulated expression of cell adhesion pathways.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancestral apical brain region contributes to the central complex under the control of foxQ2 in the beetle Tribolium

    Bicheng He et al.
    An ancestral apical brain center contributed to the evolution of the insect central complex requiring foxQ2, which is essential for the development of midline structures of the insect brain.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Region-specific regulation of stem cell-driven regeneration in tapeworms

    Tania Rozario et al.
    Tapeworms grow and regenerate using stem cells distributed throughout their bodies, but their regeneration competence relies upon the unique micro-environment created by the head and neck.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fog signaling has diverse roles in epithelial morphogenesis in insects

    Matthew Alan Benton et al.
    Fog signaling with a narrow morphogenetic role in Drosophila has a deeply conserved function in epithelial morphogenesis across insects.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Embryo polarity in moth flies and mosquitoes relies on distinct old genes with localized transcript isoforms

    Yoseop Yoon et al.
    Isoform-specific transcript localization underlies the evolutionary diversity of anterior axis determinants in embryos of dipteran insects.
    1. Ecology

    Adaptive thermal plasticity enhances sperm and egg performance in a model insect

    Ramakrishnan Vasudeva et al.
    Sperm and egg development are temperature sensitive, enabling males and females to significantly improve their reproductive success by matching gamete function to varying thermal environments for fertilisation and offspring development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    NEIL1 and NEIL2 DNA glycosylases protect neural crest development against mitochondrial oxidative stress

    Dandan Han et al.
    NEIL DNA glycosylases are required to counteract oxidative base damages within the mitochondrial genome to safeguard neural crest cell differentiation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Hemimetabolous insects elucidate the origin of sexual development via alternative splicing

    Judith Wexler et al.
    Sexual differentiation controlled by sex-specific mRNA splicing evolved in a step-wise manner in insects.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Large protein organelles form a new iron sequestration system with high storage capacity

    Tobias W Giessen et al.
    An alternative iron storage system based on a 9.6 megadalton microbial protein compartment is able to sequester and store large amounts of iron.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Ancient origins of arthropod moulting pathway components

    André Luiz de Oliveira et al.
    Evolutionary reconstruction of the ecdysis pathway shows that its major elements are present in the majority of metazoans, providing evidence that they originated much earlier than currently assumed.

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