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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Modularity, criticality, and evolvability of a developmental gene regulatory network

    Berta Verd et al.
    A new approach focusing on dynamic modularity helps overcome traditional challenges detecting modularity in complex adaptive systems.
    1. Neuroscience

    Conditional deletion of glucocorticoid receptors in rat brain results in sex-specific deficits in fear and coping behaviors

    Jessie R Scheimann et al.
    Development of a conditional glucocorticoid receptor knockdown rat model allows for high resolution anatomical, physiological and behavioral exploration into the role of glucocorticoid receptor signaling in defined cell populations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Scc2 counteracts a Wapl-independent mechanism that releases cohesin from chromosomes during G1

    Madhusudhan Srinivasan et al.
    In G1 cells, Scc2 loads and maintains cohesin on chromosomes by counteracting a Wapl-independent releasing activity, which is neutralized in S phase by CDK1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The dynamic conformational landscape of the protein methyltransferase SETD8

    Shi Chen et al.
    Integrated experimental-computational approaches were implemented to reveal the dynamic conformational landscape of a biologically relevant protein methyltransferase SETD8 for functional annotation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational switches control early maturation of the eukaryotic small ribosomal subunit

    Mirjam Hunziker et al.
    Mass spectrometry analysis of purified pre-ribosomal RNAs shows that stable ribosomal RNA domains independently recruit assembly factors, and the cryo-EM structure of the 5' ETS ribonucleoprotein reveals regulatory conformational switches.
    1. Cell Biology

    An ESCRT-LEM protein surveillance system is poised to directly monitor the nuclear envelope and nuclear transport system

    David J Thaller et al.
    ESCRT-driven mechanisms that sense and seal holes in the nuclear membranes directly monitor the nuclear transport system and the exposure of the inner nuclear membrane.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The mlpt/Ubr3/Svb module comprises an ancient developmental switch for embryonic patterning

    Suparna Ray et al.
    mille-pattes micropeptides have conserved function in insect embryonic patterning together with transcription factor Shaven-baby and ubiquitin ligase Ubr3, except in flies wherein restoring broad embryonic Svb expression restores patterning potency.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Connexin-43-dependent ATP release mediates macrophage activation during sepsis

    Michel Dosch et al.
    Autocrine activation of macrophages is modulated by Connexin-43-mediated ATP release in response to TLR-4 and -2 agonists in a P2Y1-dependent manner, ultimately determining sepsis survival.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Expansion of the fatty acyl reductase gene family shaped pheromone communication in Hymenoptera

    Michal Tupec et al.
    A fatty acyl reductase gene family expansion in the Hymenoptera crown group led to recruitment of novel pheromone-biosynthetic enzymes and is linked to evolution of pheromone marking behavior.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A re-inducible gap gene cascade patterns the anterior–posterior axis of insects in a threshold-free fashion

    Alena Boos et al.
    The body axis of insects is divided into different fates using a self-regulatory and threshold-free mechanism.