74 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancestral apical brain region contributes to the central complex under the control of foxQ2 in the beetle Tribolium

    Bicheng He et al.
    An ancestral apical brain center contributed to the evolution of the insect central complex requiring foxQ2, which is essential for the development of midline structures of the insect brain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of PINK1 and mechanisms of Parkinson's disease-associated mutations

    Atul Kumar et al.
    The structure of human PINK1 explains structural regulation and clarity on the impact of loss of function disease-associated mutations, which may stimulate future drug discovery efforts for both familial and idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dynamic BMP signaling polarized by Toll patterns the dorsoventral axis in a hemimetabolous insect

    Lena Sachs et al.
    During the evolution of insect lineages, a signaling pathway dedicated to pathogen defense was co-opted for a new role in embryonic patterning.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The extraembryonic serosa is a frontier epithelium providing the insect egg with a full-range innate immune response

    Chris G C Jacobs et al.
    Contrary to the current perception, insect eggs are very capable of defending themselves against pathogens.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A re-inducible gap gene cascade patterns the anterior–posterior axis of insects in a threshold-free fashion

    Alena Boos et al.
    The body axis of insects is divided into different fates using a self-regulatory and threshold-free mechanism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fog signaling has diverse roles in epithelial morphogenesis in insects

    Matthew Alan Benton et al.
    Fog signaling with a narrow morphogenetic role in Drosophila has a deeply conserved function in epithelial morphogenesis across insects.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A universal vector concept for a direct genotyping of transgenic organisms and a systematic creation of homozygous lines

    Frederic Strobl et al.
    In transgenesis assays involving diploid model organisms, two clearly distinguishable transformation markers embedded in interweaved, but incompatible Lox site pairs allow the systematic creation of homozygous transgenic lines and minimize the number of wasted animals.
    1. Ecology

    Adaptive thermal plasticity enhances sperm and egg performance in a model insect

    Ramakrishnan Vasudeva et al.
    Sperm and egg development are temperature sensitive, enabling males and females to significantly improve their reproductive success by matching gamete function to varying thermal environments for fertilisation and offspring development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Dual mode of embryonic development is highlighted by expression and function of Nasonia pair-rule genes

    Miriam I Rosenberg et al.
    Pair-rule genes in the wasp Nasonia function as in Drosophila in patterning anterior segments, and similar to ancestral insects in patterning posterior segments, illustrating a mixed-mode transition state between short and long germ embryogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of Segmentation: Sox enters the picture

    Felix Kaufholz, Natascha Turetzek
    The discovery of a gene that regulates two segmentation mechanisms in spider embryos is fueling the ongoing debate about the evolution of this crucial developmental process.
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