4,102 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A conserved histidine modulates HSPB5 structure to trigger chaperone activity in response to stress-related acidosis

    Ponni Rajagopal et al.
    Small decreases in pH associated with cellular stress conditions unleash a cryptic mode of client binding in a ubiquitously expressed human small heat shock protein that is more effective at delaying client aggregation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cellular acidosis triggers human MondoA transcriptional activity by driving mitochondrial ATP production

    Blake R Wilde et al.
    The MondoA transcription factor localizes to the outer mitochondrial membrane where it coordinates an adaptive transcriptional response to elevated cellular energy represented by high cytoplasmic glucose and high mitochondrial ATP.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A calcium transport mechanism for atrial fibrillation in Tbx5-mutant mice

    Wenli Dai et al.
    TBX5-loss associated cardiomyocyte ectopy and atrial fibrillation is prevented by augmentation of SERCA2 activity, establishing a mechanism underlying the genetic basis for a Ca2+-dependent pathway for AF risk.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Activation-triggered subunit exchange between CaMKII holoenzymes facilitates the spread of kinase activity

    Margaret Stratton et al.
    Activation of CaMKII holoenzymes triggers the exchange of subunits with other holoenzymes, including unactivated ones, enabling the calcium-independent phosphorylation and activation of new subunits.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Snf1/AMPK promotes the formation of Kog1/Raptor-bodies to increase the activation threshold of TORC1 in budding yeast

    James E Hughes Hallett et al.
    The key Target of Rapamycin Complex (TORC1) component Kog1 moves into bodies during glucose starvation to limit reactivation of the complex.
    1. Neuroscience

    AMPK acts as a molecular trigger to coordinate glutamatergic signals and adaptive behaviours during acute starvation

    Moloud Ahmadi, Richard Roy
    AMP-activated protein kinase directly coordinates glutamatergic signalling during starvation in C. elegans.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Actin is an evolutionarily-conserved damage-associated molecular pattern that signals tissue injury in Drosophila melanogaster

    Naren Srinivasan et al.
    Extracellular actin is an evolutionarily-conserved signal of tissue injury that is recognised in the fruit fly via similar machinery as reported in vertebrates.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    Computational modeling identifies embolic stroke of undetermined source patients with potential arrhythmic substrate

    Savannah F Bifulco et al.
    In models reconstructed from MRI scans of patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source, computational simulations reveal that fibrosis has the intrinsic capacity to sustain arrhythmia drivers when subjected to triggered activity known to exist in patients with atrial fibrillation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial autolysins trim cell surface peptidoglycan to prevent detection by the Drosophila innate immune system

    Magda Luciana Atilano et al.
    To avoid recognition by the immune system, bacteria use autolysins to trim fragments of peptidoglycans that are exposed on the bacterial cell wall.
    1. Cell Biology

    Intercellular propagation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation revealed by in vivo imaging of mouse skin

    Toru Hiratsuka et al.
    In vivo imaging of extracellular signal-regulated kinase activity reveals radial ERK activation patterns that are associated with cell cycle progression in the mouse epidermis.

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