1,941 results found
  1. Episode 37: March 2017

    In this episode we hear about helping people with paralysis to communicate, how exposing mice to nicotine can affect their sons, scaffold-building parasites, the origins of handedness and plain-language summaries of research.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective dendritic localization of mRNA in Drosophila mushroom body output neurons

    Jessica Mitchell et al.
    Specific mRNAs localize to the dendrites of Drosophila mushroom body output neurons.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sex-determining genes distinctly regulate courtship capability and target preference via sexually dimorphic neurons

    Kenichi Ishii et al.
    Sex-specific characteristics of the fruit fly courtship behavior are not specified by a single binary switch, but as a combination of traits that are modularly specified by separable genetic switches.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layered roles of fruitless isoforms in specification and function of male aggression-promoting neurons in Drosophila

    Margot Wohl et al.
    Male-type aggressive and courtship behaviors of the fruit flies are differentially specified by two sex-determining genes, providing a substrate for the evolution to sculpt these two behaviors independently.
    1. Neuroscience

    Confidence predicts speed-accuracy tradeoff for subsequent decisions

    Kobe Desender et al.
    Neural coding of previous-trial confidence affects current decision policy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Organization of the Drosophila larval visual circuit

    Ivan Larderet et al.
    The synaptic connectome of the Drosophila larval visual circuit is the first case of a completely reconstructed visual network in a genetically fully tractable model organism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Immediate perception of a reward is distinct from the reward’s long-term salience

    John P McGinnis et al.
    The experiences that are most rewarding at the time are not necessarily those that are remembered long-term.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parallel encoding of sensory history and behavioral preference during Caenorhabditis elegans olfactory learning

    Christine E Cho et al.
    Odor conditioning induces two changes in olfactory neurons: non-associative sensory adaptation to odor history, and associative, bidirectional changes in behavioral output that are oppositely regulated in aversive and appetitive learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Odor-identity dependent motor programs underlie behavioral responses to odors

    Seung-Hye Jung et al.
    Flies respond to odors by modulating multiple independently modulated motor programs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The laminar organization of the Drosophila ellipsoid body is semaphorin-dependent and prevents the formation of ectopic synaptic connections

    Xiaojun Xie et al.
    The organization of layered/laminated axon projections in specific regions of the fruitfly central brain is regulated by short-range repulsive guidance and is critical for local inhibitory circuit formation and function.

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