117 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β reduces DNA ds-break repair mechanisms to heighten genetic diversity and adaptability of CD44+/CD24− cancer cells

    Debjani Pal et al.
    Phenotypic diversity and cell state transition (i.e., acquisition of a CD44+/CD24- cell state or exposure to TGF-beta) can spur intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity and contribute to acquired resistance.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Genetic Diversity: Driving cancer evolution

    Devon M Fitzgerald, Susan M Rosenberg
    Tumor-growth-factor-beta signaling helps cancer cells to evolve and become resistant to drugs by down-regulating accurate DNA repair.
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cancer: How the immune system spots tumors

    Yasutaka Okabe, Ruslan Medzhitov
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteotoxicity from aberrant ribosome biogenesis compromises cell fitness

    Blake W Tye et al.
    Rapidly proliferating cells are at risk of compromised cell fitness due to proteostasis collapse from perturbations that interfere with ribosome biogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The retromer complex safeguards against neural progenitor-derived tumorigenesis by regulating Notch receptor trafficking

    Bo Li et al.
    The retromer complex serves as a bomb squad to retrieve and disarm the potentially harmful pool of Notch receptors in a timely manner and thereby safeguards against brain tumor formation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The multi-subunit GID/CTLH E3 ubiquitin ligase promotes cell proliferation and targets the transcription factor Hbp1 for degradation

    Fabienne Lampert et al.
    Proteomic, biochemical and cell-based analyses of the heterodecameric core GID/CTLH E3 ligase complex reveal its molecular architecture, activity determinants, and function in targeting the tumor suppressor Hbp1 and other substrates required for cell proliferation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The genetic basis of aneuploidy tolerance in wild yeast

    James Hose et al.
    A single gene allele underlies differences in aneuploidy tolerance in yeast.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A curative combination cancer therapy achieves high fractional cell killing through low cross-resistance and drug additivity

    Adam C Palmer et al.
    Drugs in a curative chemotherapy regimen are independently effective and resisted by different mechanisms, so cancer cells have little chance of surviving all drugs, and this benefit occurs without synergistic interactions.

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