About twenty temporal patterning genes are identified that drive an irreversible differentiation trajectory governing the heterogeneity and proliferative properties of cells in neural tumors with an early developmental origin.
The unraveling of distinct mammary tumor hierarchies in various mouse models of breast cancer emphasizes the need to account for specific cell states with potentially varying therapeutic vulnerabilities in tumors.
TERT promoter mutations impair TERT silencing upon cellular differentiation and are sufficient to facilitate cellular immortalization without additional tumor selected changes, explaining why they are associated with a very specific tumor spectrum.
Improved 3D and 4D imaging of neurovascular processes across scales reveals new insights into eye disease mouse models and shows retinal vessels are significantly distorted using standard flat-mount confocal imaging.
Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
Research into genomic imprinting has provided a foundation for the study of epigenetic mechanisms, especially during development, and has also shed light on a range of rare genetic disorders and common diseases.
In nematode worms, NSUN-1 methylates ribosomal RNA and influences phenotypes related to aging, stress resistance, germ line development, and cuticle integrity by regulating translation of specific mRNAs.