308 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    EBI2-mediated bridging channel positioning supports splenic dendritic cell homeostasis and particulate antigen capture

    Tangsheng Yi, Jason G Cyster
    The receptor EBI2 is essential for correctly positioning CD4+ dendritic cells in the spleen so that they can present blood-borne antigens to T cells and thereby provoke an antibody response.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-146a acts as a guardian of the quality and longevity of hematopoietic stem cells in mice

    Jimmy L Zhao et al.
    Chronic and excessive inflammation can lead to exhaustion of the supply of hematopoietic stem cells and to myeloid malignancies in mice, mimicking important aspects of the myelodysplastic syndrome found in humans.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MAVS recruits multiple ubiquitin E3 ligases to activate antiviral signaling cascades

    Siqi Liu et al.
    A cell-free system combined with cell-based assays elucidate the biochemical mechanism of signal transduction mediated by the mitochondrial protein MAVS and delineates the role of ubiquitin E3 ligases in antiviral innate immune responses.
    1. Cancer Biology

    BRAF inhibitors suppress apoptosis through off-target inhibition of JNK signaling

    Harina Vin et al.
    The cancer drug vemurafenib has potent off-target effects on JNK signaling that contribute to the development of squamous cell carcinomas in humans and in mice.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multiple knockout mouse models reveal lincRNAs are required for life and brain development

    Martin Sauvageau et al.
    Long intergenic noncoding RNA molecules (lincRNAs) are shown to have critical roles in mammalian development and physiology in vivo.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Structural basis for the prion-like MAVS filaments in antiviral innate immunity

    Hui Xu et al.
    Mitochondrial anti-viral signaling proteins form three-stranded helical filaments in launching innate immune responses against RNA viruses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Distinct structural and catalytic roles for Zap70 in formation of the immunological synapse in CTL

    Misty R Jenkins et al.
    Inhibition of the catalytic activity of the Zap70 kinase reveals that discrete TCR-regulated events control the remodelling of the actin cytoskeleton when the cytotoxic T cell interacts with its target.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue-resident natural killer (NK) cells are cell lineages distinct from thymic and conventional splenic NK cells

    Dorothy K Sojka et al.
    Natural killer cells that were commonly thought to circulate around the body can actually reside in distinct tissues, such as in the liver, skin or uterus, and do not re-circulate.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cells translate individual, quantal activation into collective, analog cytokine responses via time-integrated feedbacks

    Karen E Tkach et al.
    Experiment-driven quantitative model of IL-2 secretion demonstrates how T cells integrate their digital antigen responses into an analog-scaled output.

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