Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
In the pancreas, reciprocal interactions between epithelial cells and myeloid cells determine the balance between tissue repair and carcinogenesis by regulating acinar cell plasticity through differential activation of EGFR/MAPK signaling.
Application of machine learning to serum miRNA profiles generated through next generation sequencing identifies a biologically relevant miRNA signature which can be deployed as a qPCR test to assist the diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer.
Occluding-junctions form a permeability barrier around the hematopoietic niche in Drosophila that controls the production of immune cells in response to infection by shaping the signalling micro-environment produced by the niche.
A novel microscopy-based assay shows that dendritic cells encountering pathogenic stimuli form increased complexes of specific SNARE proteins, driving release of large amounts of inflammatory cytokines.
Antagonistic signaling by the kinases PI3K and Itpkb limits the kinetics and enforces the Notch-dependence of beta-selection – the most important cell-fate determining process in alpha beta T cell development.