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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Philosophy of Biology: Towards a classification of stem cells

    Lucie Laplane, Eric Solary
    The occurrence, progression and treatment of cancer may be linked to changes in the nature of stemness.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Transient external force induces phenotypic reversion of malignant epithelial structures via nitric oxide signaling

    Benjamin L Ricca et al.
    In a 3D culture model of breast epithelium, application of a short-timescale compression to single malignant cells promotes the long-timescale development of polarized, growth-arrested structures.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Epithelial-Myeloid cell crosstalk regulates acinar cell plasticity and pancreatic remodeling in mice

    Yaqing Zhang et al.
    In the pancreas, reciprocal interactions between epithelial cells and myeloid cells determine the balance between tissue repair and carcinogenesis by regulating acinar cell plasticity through differential activation of EGFR/MAPK signaling.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Diagnostic potential for a serum miRNA neural network for detection of ovarian cancer

    Kevin M Elias et al.
    Application of machine learning to serum miRNA profiles generated through next generation sequencing identifies a biologically relevant miRNA signature which can be deployed as a qPCR test to assist the diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Modulation of occluding junctions alters the hematopoietic niche to trigger immune activation

    Rohan J Khadilkar et al.
    Occluding-junctions form a permeability barrier around the hematopoietic niche in Drosophila that controls the production of immune cells in response to infection by shaping the signalling micro-environment produced by the niche.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The retromer complex safeguards against neural progenitor-derived tumorigenesis by regulating Notch receptor trafficking

    Bo Li et al.
    The retromer complex serves as a bomb squad to retrieve and disarm the potentially harmful pool of Notch receptors in a timely manner and thereby safeguards against brain tumor formation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy reveals rerouting of SNARE trafficking driving dendritic cell activation

    Daniëlle Rianne José Verboogen et al.
    A novel microscopy-based assay shows that dendritic cells encountering pathogenic stimuli form increased complexes of specific SNARE proteins, driving release of large amounts of inflammatory cytokines.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    BRAFV600E cooperates with CDX2 inactivation to promote serrated colorectal tumorigenesis

    Naoya Sakamoto et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal how CDX2 and BRAF defects seen in serrated colorectal cancer (CRCs), a poor prognosis CRC subset, cooperate in tumorigenesis in humans and in a mouse cancer model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Non-canonical antagonism of PI3K by the kinase Itpkb delays thymocyte β-selection and renders it Notch-dependent

    Luise Westernberg et al.
    Antagonistic signaling by the kinases PI3K and Itpkb limits the kinetics and enforces the Notch-dependence of beta-selection – the most important cell-fate determining process in alpha beta T cell development.