673 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    MYBL2 is a sub-haploinsufficient tumor suppressor gene in myeloid malignancy

    Stefan Heinrichs et al.
    Reduced expression of MYBL2 contributes to malignancies of the blood by permitting uncontrolled expansion of blood cell progenitors, implying a tumor suppressor function for this gene.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    BRAFV600E cooperates with CDX2 inactivation to promote serrated colorectal tumorigenesis

    Naoya Sakamoto et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal how CDX2 and BRAF defects seen in serrated colorectal cancer (CRCs), a poor prognosis CRC subset, cooperate in tumorigenesis in humans and in a mouse cancer model.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Conditional deletion of WT1 in the septum transversum mesenchyme causes congenital diaphragmatic hernia in mice

    Rita Carmona et al.
    Expression of the transcription factor Wt1 is required in a lateral mesoderm domain to develop the mesenchymal population required for the closure of the pleural cavities and the formation of the diaphragm.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3.3K27M mutant proteins reprogram epigenome by sequestering the PRC2 complex to poised enhancers

    Dong Fang et al.
    Redistribution of the PRC2 complex in H3.3K27M mutant cells to poised enhancers contributes to the global reduction of H3K27me3 in cells expressing the mutant proteins.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Transient inhibition of the ERK pathway prevents cerebellar developmental defects and improves long-term motor functions in murine models of neurofibromatosis type 1

    Edward Kim et al.
    Nf1 is required during early, but not late, cerebellar development to facilitate neuronal lamination, providing a potential therapeutic prevention strategy for NF1-associated developmental abnormalities.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    TP53 copy number expansion is associated with the evolution of increased body size and an enhanced DNA damage response in elephants

    Michael Sulak et al.
    Elephants escaped enhanced cancer susceptibility by evolving more master tumor suppressor genes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A KRAS-directed transcriptional silencing pathway that mediates the CpG island methylator phenotype

    Ryan W Serra et al.
    A pathway directed by the KRAS oncoprotein leads to aberrant hypermethylation and transcriptional silencing of many genes including tumor suppressors, thereby promoting tumor development.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The human ARF tumor suppressor senses blastema activity and suppresses epimorphic tissue regeneration

    Robert G Hesse et al.
    Evolution of tumor suppressor genes can involve a trade-off because the acquisition of certain anti-cancer characteristics diminishes the ability to regenerate damaged tissue.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tumor suppressor SMARCB1 suppresses super-enhancers to govern hESC lineage determination

    Lee F Langer et al.
    The chromatin remodeler and tumor suppressor SMARCB1 acts to restrict superenhancer function to direct neural differentiation of embryonic stem cells while repressing bivalent gene activity in the pluripotent state.

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