207 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Elongation inhibitors do not prevent the release of puromycylated nascent polypeptide chains from ribosomes

    Benjamin D Hobson et al.
    Although puromycin staining is often used to examine subcellular translation, puromycin-labeled proteins are rapidly released from ribosomes even in the presence of elongation inhibitors, which may confound translation site localization.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dithranol targets keratinocytes, their crosstalk with neutrophils and inhibits the IL-36 inflammatory loop in psoriasis

    Theresa Benezeder et al.
    Targeting the differentiation regulators and/or AMPs of keratinocytes, rather than targeting immune cells, may be an alternative approach for topical anti-psoriatic treatment, an area with high need for new drugs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presenilin/γ-secretase-dependent EphA3 processing mediates axon elongation through non-muscle myosin IIA

    Míriam Javier-Torrent et al.
    EphA signaling plays dual opposite roles on axon dynamics in neurons, so it inhibits and promotes axon growth through ligand binding and receptor processing, respectively.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autophagy regulates inflammatory programmed cell death via turnover of RHIM-domain proteins

    Junghyun Lim et al.
    Autophagy is critical for the turnover of inflammatory signaling complexes containing RHIM-domain proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Relationship between simultaneously recorded spiking activity and fluorescence signal in GCaMP6 transgenic mice

    Lawrence Huang et al.
    Simultaneous calcium imaging and cell-attached recording in GCaMP6 transgenic mice in vivo reveals spiking-fluorescence relationship that supports more refined inference of neuronal activities from calcium imaging data.
    1. Developmental Biology

    MicroRNA-934 is a novel primate-specific small non-coding RNA with neurogenic function during early development

    Kanella Prodromidou et al.
    Primate-specific miR-934 mediates neurogenesis and downstream neuronal differentiation processes, modulating the expression of genes associated with the subplate, a region most prominent in primates, emerging during early cortical development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Temporal identity establishes columnar neuron morphology, connectivity, and function in a Drosophila navigation circuit

    Luis F Sullivan et al.
    The Eyeless/Pax6 temporal transcription factor generates neuronal identity, connectivity, and flight navigation behavior within the conserved adult brain structure called the central complex.
    1. Neuroscience

    miR-9 regulates basal ganglia-dependent developmental vocal learning and adult vocal performance in songbirds

    Zhimin Shi et al.
    Gene manipulation combined with behavior analysis reveals a role of miR-9 in modulating basal-ganglia-dependent developmental vocal learning and adult vocal performance via regulating the FOXP1/FOXP2 gene network and dopamine signaling in songbirds.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic substrate identification indicates a central role for the metalloprotease ADAM10 in axon targeting and synapse function

    Peer-Hendrik Kuhn et al.
    The metalloprotease ADAM10 modulates axon and synapse function by cleaving numerous synaptic and axonal membrane proteins in the central nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural circuit mechanism for regulating vocal variability during song learning in zebra finches

    Jonathan Garst-Orozco et al.
    By demonstrating song learning-related synaptic strengthening and pruning in the vocal control circuits of songbirds, and showing how such changes can reduce the sensitivity of the circuit to ‘noisy’ inputs, a simple neural circuit mechanism for regulating motor variability during motor skill learning is identified.

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