440 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Repressing Ago2 mRNA translation by Trim71 maintains pluripotency through inhibiting let-7 microRNAs

    Qiuying Liu et al.
    Repressing the conserved pro-differentiation let-7 microRNAs through limiting Ago2 levels is critical to maintaining pluripotency in stem cells.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Loss of FLCN-FNIP1/2 induces a non-canonical interferon response in human renal tubular epithelial cells

    Iris E Glykofridis et al.
    Knocking out Folliculin (FLCN) in human renal epithelial cells activates STAT1/2-mediated gene expression, independent of interferon, uncovering a tissue-specific process potentially relevant in the cancer syndrome Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD).
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Identification of PARP-7 substrates reveals a role for MARylation in microtubule control in ovarian cancer cells

    Lavanya H Palavalli Parsons et al.
    PARP-7 is a mono(ADP-ribosyl) transferase that directs an extensive ADP-ribosylated proteome to control microtubule stability, and regulate ovarian cancer cell growth and motility.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Use of signals of positive and negative selection to distinguish cancer genes and passenger genes

    László Bányai et al.
    In contrast with earlier conclusions, negative selection has a major role in cancer evolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Surprising phenotypic diversity of cancer-associated mutations of Gly 34 in the histone H3 tail

    Brandon R Lowe et al.
    H3-G34R, V, and W oncohistonesin fission yeast cause differential K36 modification, DNA damage sensitivity and genome stability outcomes, highlighting the need for a thorough evaluation of distinct mutations.
    1. Cell Biology

    TRIM37 prevents formation of centriolar protein assemblies by regulating Centrobin

    Fernando R Balestra et al.
    TRIM37 prevents the formation of centriolar protein assemblies through an atypical de novo assembly pathway that would otherwise threaten genome integrity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Gross ways to live long: Parasitic worms as an anti-inflammaging therapy?

    Bruce Zhang, David Gems
    The absence of helminth parasites in developed countries may be exacerbating pathological, age-associated inflammation, known as inflammaging, suggesting that helminth therapies could provide protection against age-related disease.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The origins and consequences of UPF1 variants in pancreatic adenosquamous carcinoma

    Jacob T Polaski et al.
    UPF1 mutations were reportedly present at high frequencies in a cohort of pancreatic adenosquamous carcinoma patients, but these lesions are unlikely to be functional drivers of this cancer subtype.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    DNA damage—how and why we age?

    Matt Yousefzadeh et al.
    There is now sufficient and diverse evidence to support a cogent argument that DNA damage plays a causal role in aging.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cytoplasmic chromatin fragments—from mechanisms to therapeutic potential

    Karl N Miller et al.
    Cytoplasmic chromatin fragment formation pathways in senescent cells are a potential therapeutic target for modulation of inflammation in aging, which contributes to age-associated diseases.

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