161 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular, circuit and transcriptional framework for modulation of itch in the central amygdala

    Vijay K Samineni et al.
    Circuit and transcriptional analysis shows that genetically defined central amygdala neurons and their projections to the ventral periaqueductal gray mediate behavioral and affective responses to pruritus.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    A Mendelian randomization study of the role of lipoprotein subfractions in coronary artery disease

    Qingyuan Zhao et al.
    High-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfraction traits appear to have heterogeneous effects on coronary artery disease, giving support to the HDL function hypothesis.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mesoscale phase separation of chromatin in the nucleus

    Gaurav Bajpai et al.
    Computer simulations show transitions between novel types of chromatin organization (peripheral, central, conventional) depending on chromatin interactions with itself, the lamin and nuclear hydration, measured in recent experiments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corollary discharge promotes a sustained motor state in a neural circuit for navigation

    Ni Ji et al.
    A primary sensory interneuron in the thermotaxis circuit of C. elegans integrates sensory input and corollary discharge to drive persistent navigational states and movement towards preferred environments.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    EXOC1 plays an integral role in spermatogonia pseudopod elongation and spermatocyte stable syncytium formation in mice

    Yuki Osawa et al.
    EXOC1 contributes to the proper differentiation balance of spermatogonial stem cells and spermatocyte syncytia formation by regulating the morphology of male germ cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The LRR-TM protein PAN-1 interacts with MYRF to promote its nuclear translocation in synaptic remodeling

    Shi-Li Xia et al.
    Identified as a binding factor of transcription factor MYRF, the LRR-TM protein PAN-1 promotes the cell-membrane localization and nuclear translocation of MYRF, which drives synaptic rewiring in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning excitatory-inhibitory neuronal assemblies in recurrent networks

    Owen Mackwood et al.
    The synaptic structure in mouse V1 is explained by a synergy of homeostatic plasticity in incoming and outgoing synapses of inhibitory interneurons, establishing a stimulus-specific balance of excitation and inhibition.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Sensing the world and its dangers: An evolutionary perspective in neuroimmunology

    Aurora Kraus et al.
    The investigation of neuroimmunology in non-model organisms is critical to diversify the field and identify primordial principles that govern neuroimmune communication across taxa.
    1. Neuroscience

    Properties of multivesicular release from mouse rod photoreceptors support transmission of single-photon responses

    Cassandra L Hays et al.
    To improve the reliability of transmitting small single-photon voltage responses, rod photoreceptor cells release synaptic vesicles in regularly timed multivesicular events that are exquisitely sensitive to small voltage changes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Early postmortem mapping of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in patients with COVID-19 and the correlation with tissue damage

    Stefanie Deinhardt-Emmer et al.
    Early postmortem autopsy of COVID-19 patients shows high viral loads and damage of the lung, although extrapulmonary cells demonstrate no injury, they contribute to inflammation, hyper-coagulation, and multiple organ dysfunction.

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