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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism for direct actin force-sensing by α-catenin

    Lin Mei et al.
    Biophysical and structural studies reveal how low piconewton forces across actin enhance binding by the critical cell-cell adhesion protein α-catenin versus its force insensitive homolog vinculin.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Use of signals of positive and negative selection to distinguish cancer genes and passenger genes

    László Bányai et al.
    In contrast with earlier conclusions, negative selection has a major role in cancer evolution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    IP3 mediated global Ca2+ signals arise through two temporally and spatially distinct modes of Ca2+ release

    Jeffrey T Lock, Ian Parker
    Cell-wide Ca2+ signals that regulate numerous cellular functions comprise dual Ca2+ release modes through IP3 receptors, punctate transients mediated by clustered receptors and spatiotemporally diffuse release through functionally distinct receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    The CNS connectome of a tadpole larva of Ciona intestinalis (L.) highlights sidedness in the brain of a chordate sibling

    Kerrianne Ryan et al.
    Serial-section EM analysis uncovers the CNS connectome of a Ciona larva, the second of any entire nervous system, and exposes left-right asymmetries in its synaptic circuits.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Re-visiting the trans insertion model for complexin clamping

    Shyam S Krishnakumar et al.
    Biochemical experiments provide support for the trans insertion model for clamping in the regulation of neurotransmitter release by complexin.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Loss of Fam60a, a Sin3a subunit, results in embryonic lethality and is associated with aberrant methylation at a subset of gene promoters

    Ryo Nabeshima et al.
    Fam60a, a component of the Sin3a complex, is required for embryonic development and regulates methylation at a subset of gene promoters.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Global, cell non-autonomous gene regulation drives individual lifespan among isogenic C. elegans

    Holly E Kinser et al.
    Expression of almost half of a library of fluorescent reporters distinguish long- from short-lived individual Caenorhabditis elegans, suggesting that organism-wide differences in gene expression drive future lifespan.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular determinants of permeation in a fluoride-specific ion channel

    Nicholas B Last et al.
    The ion-transport pathway of an unconventional bacterial fluoride channel is mapped out through combined crystallographic and functional experiments.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Generative modeling of multi-mapping reads with mHi-C advances analysis of Hi-C studies

    Ye Zheng et al.
    A statistical model rescues multi-mapping reads with high accuracy and demonstrates their impact in all facets of the analysis of genome-wide high throughput conformation capture datasets.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recruitment of the default mode network during a demanding act of executive control

    Ben M Crittenden et al.
    The default mode network in the brain is activated during the performance of executive-type tasks when a substantial change in cognitive contents is required.