52 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Efficient mate finding in planktonic copepods swimming in turbulence

    François-Gaël Michalec et al.
    Calanoid copepods achieve efficient mate finding in turbulence through active swimming and turbulence advection, indicating that reproduction is not restricted to spatial and temporal windows of calm hydrodynamic conditions.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Walking Drosophila navigate complex plumes using stochastic decisions biased by the timing of odor encounters

    Mahmut Demir et al.
    Visualized odor encounters show that Drosophila navigate spatiotemporally complex odor plumes using random walks biased by the timing of brief and unpredictable odor encounters.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elementary sensory-motor transformations underlying olfactory navigation in walking fruit-flies

    Efrén Álvarez-Salvado et al.
    A high-throughput behavioral paradigm and computational modeling are used to decompose olfactory navigation in walking Drosophila melanogaster into a set of quantitative relationships between sensory input and motor output.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sniff-synchronized, gradient-guided olfactory search by freely moving mice

    Teresa M Findley et al.
    To track odors borne on turbulent airflow, mice strategically follow their nose, with sampling movements and sensory computations reminiscent of those demonstrated in nematodes and insects.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    How oscillating aerodynamic forces explain the timbre of the hummingbird’s hum and other animals in flapping flight

    Ben J Hightower et al.
    A first-principles acoustics model reveals how the acoustic spectrum generated by flapping wings originates from oscillating aerodynamic forces, and is validated by in vivo aerodynamic force measurements and acoustic holography.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Reduced metabolism supports hypoxic flight in the high-flying bar-headed goose (Anser indicus)

    Jessica U Meir et al.
    Measurements of bar-headed geese flying in a wind tunnel in hypoxia reveal that these birds sustain aerobic flight at high altitude via a reduction in metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Projection neurons in Drosophila antennal lobes signal the acceleration of odor concentrations

    Anmo J Kim et al.
    Neurons in the fruit fly olfactory system respond most strongly to the sudden appearance of an odor, and to odors that are changing rapidly in strength, but are relatively insensitive to the absolute levels of an odor.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Energetic and physical limitations on the breaching performance of large whales

    Paolo S Segre et al.
    Muscle power-generating capabilities, and not energetic limitations, limit the breaching abilities of the largest whales.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Olfactory Navigation: Tempo is the key

    Antonio Celani
    Walking flies find the source of attractive odors by changing how frequently they stop and turn in response to the smell.
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    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A molecular filter for the cnidarian stinging response

    Keiko Weir et al.
    Cnidarian stinging cells use a specialized voltage-gated calcium channel to integrate distinct sensory signals and selectively trigger a predatory response.

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