3,800 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Distinct insulin granule subpopulations implicated in the secretory pathology of diabetes types 1 and 2

    Alex J B Kreutzberger et al.
    Insulin secreting cells harbor distinct subpopulations of insulin granules and loss of one or the other correlates strongly with secretory deficiencies characterizing type-1 or type-2 diabetes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antibiotic-induced acceleration of type 1 diabetes alters maturation of innate intestinal immunity

    Xue-Song Zhang et al.
    Alteration of host gut microbiota by antibiotic exposure in early life remodeled host intestinal immune development and metabolism and enhanced the induction of type 1 diabetes in genetically predisposed animals.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Epigenetic modulation of type-1 diabetes via a dual effect on pancreatic macrophages and β cells

    Wenxian Fu et al.
    A short treatment of the NOD mouse model of type-1 diabetes with I-BET151, a small molecule bromodomain blocker, provides long-term protection from disease by inducing macrophages to adapt an anti-inflammatory tenor whilst promoting islet β cell regeneration.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Integration of genomics and transcriptomics predicts diabetic retinopathy susceptibility genes

    Andrew D Skol et al.
    Integrating gene expression with genetic association data provided insights into the functional relevance of genetic risk for a complex disease, thus implicating folliculin as a putative diabetic retinopathy susceptibility gene.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Differential cell autonomous responses determine the outcome of coxsackievirus infections in murine pancreatic α and β cells

    Laura Marroqui et al.
    Pancreatic α and β cells have different cell autonomous signatures; this explains why α but not β cells can clear infections by potentially diabetogenic viruses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Comment on 'AIRE-deficient patients harbor unique high-affinity disease-ameliorating autoantibodies'

    Nils Landegren et al.
    We are writing to comment on the study by Meyer et al., 2016 on disease-ameliorating autoantibodies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Blockade of glucagon signaling prevents or reverses diabetes onset only if residual β-cells persist

    Nicolas Damond et al.
    Contrary to previous reports, a complete absence of glucagon signaling is not sufficient to prevent diabetes after near-total β-cell loss.
    1. Cell Biology

    Adiponectin is essential for lipid homeostasis and survival under insulin deficiency and promotes β-cell regeneration

    Risheng Ye et al.
    Under insulinopenic conditions, the hormone adiponectin is essential for lipid uptake specifically in subcutaneous white adipose tissue, and is sufficient to ameliorate islet lipotoxicity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Method for identification of condition-associated public antigen receptor sequences

    Mikhail V Pogorelyy et al.
    Without using control cohorts, a statistical method identifies candidates for immune receptors associated with diseases from repertoire sequencing datasets.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A transcriptomics resource reveals a transcriptional transition during ordered sarcomere morphogenesis in flight muscle

    Maria L Spletter et al.
    A developmental transcriptomics resource from Drosophila flight muscles quantifies the transcriptional dynamics during muscle morphogenesis and identifies three ordered phases of sarcomere morphogenesis.

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