2,936 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Concerted IL-25R and IL-4Rα signaling drive innate type 2 effector immunity for optimal helminth expulsion

    Katherine A Smith et al.
    Immune expulsion of helminth parasites is driven by two key pathways mediated by soluble cytokines ligating to the IL-4 and IL-25 receptors acting on innate effector cells throughout the course of infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel decoy strategy for polymyxin resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii

    Jaeeun Park et al.
    Outer membrane vesicles serve as decoys to reduce the chance of direct polymyxin B (PMB) binding to cells, which partly explains why many clinical isolates and microbial communities can be protected against PMB treatment.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpes simplex type 2 virus deleted in glycoprotein D protects against vaginal, skin and neural disease

    Christopher Petro et al.
    An attenuated Herpes simplex type 2 virus deleted in glycoprotein D can be used as an effective vaccine to provide robust transferable humoral immunity and complete protection in murine intravaginal and skin infection models.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbiota functional activity biosensors for characterizing nutrient metabolism in vivo

    Darryl A Wesener et al.
    A method has been developed to characterize the expressed biochemical activities of gut microbial communities using retrievable, microscopic, fluorescent-labeled glass beads containing chemically bound surface biomolecules.
    1. Medicine
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Reducing respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization in a lower-income country by vaccinating mothers-to-be and their households

    Samuel PC Brand et al.
    Targeting the mothers, and other household members, of newborns with a mixture of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccines is both efficient and effective at reducing RSV hospitalizations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Asynchrony between virus diversity and antibody selection limits influenza virus evolution

    Dylan H Morris et al.
    Despite the virus' error prone polymerase, influenza virus antigenic evolution is rare, even in previously immune hosts, virus replication occurs before producing new antibodies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-linear dimensionality reduction on extracellular waveforms reveals cell type diversity in premotor cortex

    Eric Kenji Lee et al.
    WaveMAP is a novel approach that combines nonlinear dimensionality reduction with graph clustering on extracellular waveforms to reveal previously obscured cell type diversity in monkey cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Accelerating with FlyBrainLab the discovery of the functional logic of the Drosophila brain in the connectomic and synaptomic era

    Aurel A Lazar et al.
    FlyBrainLab is an open-source computing platform that integrates 3D exploration and visualization of diverse Drosophila connectomic/synaptomic datasets with interactive exploration of the functional logic of modeled executable brain circuits.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Myeloid cell recruitment versus local proliferation differentiates susceptibility from resistance to filarial infection

    Sharon M Campbell et al.
    Macrophage dynamics are fundamentally different between two commonly used inbred mouse strains and differences in local resident cell expansion versus monocyte recruitment determine the outcome of tissue nematode infection.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    The transcriptomic response of cells to a drug combination is more than the sum of the responses to the monotherapies

    Jennifer EL Diaz et al.
    The transcriptomic profiles of the constituent monotherapies of synergistic drug pairs tend to be correlated and result in novel gene expression in the combinations.

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