409 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ca2+-dependent release of synaptotagmin-1 from the SNARE complex on phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate-containing membranes

    Rashmi Voleti et al.
    Ca2+-free synaptotagmin-1 binds to neuronal SNARE complexes anchored on nanodiscs, and Ca2+ releases this interaction to induce tight, specific binding to PIP2-containing membranes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    ZCWPW1 is recruited to recombination hotspots by PRDM9 and is essential for meiotic double strand break repair

    Daniel Wells et al.
    ZCWPW1 has co-evolved with PRDM9, in particular the PRDM9-SET domain, and although not involved in PRDM9's role in positioning recombination events, it is required for PRDM9's role in pairing chromosomes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Dissecting the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments in Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip for optimized PD-1 immunotherapy

    Xin Cui et al.
    A biomimetic and patient-specific Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip microphysiological system provides an avenue for personalized screening of PD-1 immunotherapy and novel combinational therapies that maximize therapeutic outcomes in Glioblastoma patients.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    On the importance of statistics in molecular simulations for thermodynamics, kinetics and simulation box size

    Vytautas Gapsys, Bert L de Groot
    The use of adequate statistics is demonstrated to be an essential prerequisite to derive conclusions on thermodynamics and kinetics from molecular simulations.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A transient role of the ciliary gene Inpp5e in controlling direct versus indirect neurogenesis in cortical development

    Kerstin Hasenpusch-Theil et al.
    Primary-cilia-mediated processing of the Gli3 transcription factor enables the formation of subtypes of projection neurons in appropriate numbers during the development of the cerebral cortex.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Combining agent-based, trait-based and demographic approaches to model coral-community dynamics

    Bruno Sylvain Carturan et al.
    A new agent-based model enables predicting how coral species richness and functional diversity affect the functioning and resilience of coral reef ecosystems.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    3D virtual pathohistology of lung tissue from Covid-19 patients based on phase contrast X-ray tomography

    Marina Eckermann et al.
    Phase contrast X-ray tomography based on a combination of parallel and cone beam geometry extends conventional histology by a third dimension and enables full quantication of tissue remodeling in COVID-19.
    1. Cell Biology

    ALKBH7 mediates necrosis via rewiring of glyoxal metabolism

    Chaitanya A Kulkarni et al.
    Multi-omics reveals that Alkb homolog 7 (ALKBH7), α mitochondrial alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase of unclear function, regulates glyoxal metabolism, which may explain its role in necrosis and heart attack.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modular output circuits of the fastigial nucleus for diverse motor and nonmotor functions of the cerebellar vermis

    Hirofumi Fujita et al.
    Medial cerebellar nucleus comprises five major types of excitatory projection neurons differentially connected with specific subsets of inferior olive neurons, Purkinje cells, and somatomotor, oromotor, positional-autonomic, orienting and arousal circuits.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Revealing architectural order with quantitative label-free imaging and deep learning

    Syuan-Ming Guo et al.
    Advances in quantitative phase and polarized light microscopy, combined with deep learning, reveal the architecture of human brain tissue.

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