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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    XLF acts as a flexible connector during non-homologous end joining

    Sean M Carney et al.
    The disordered C-terminal tail allows XRCC4-like factor (XLF) to find and bind the XRCC4-Lig4 complex, enabling DNA end synapsis and subsequent ligation during non-homologous end joining.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A lung-on-chip model of early Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection reveals an essential role for alveolar epithelial cells in controlling bacterial growth

    Vivek V Thacker et al.
    Time-lapse imaging and the modular recreation of host physiology reveal that alveolar epithelial cells, potential permissive infection sites for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, can restrict early bacterial growth via surfactant secretion.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for PRC2 decoding of active histone methylation marks H3K36me2/3

    Ksenia Finogenova et al.
    Nucleosome binding by PRC2 threads H3K27 into its active site via an interaction network set in register by unmodified H3K36.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    In-silico analysis of myeloid cells across the animal kingdom reveals neutrophil evolution by colony-stimulating factors

    Damilola Pinheiro et al.
    In-silico modeling of gene and protein emergence reveals how colony-stimulating factors contributed to the evolution and functional adaptions observed in mammalian neutrophils.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Increased processing of SINE B2 ncRNAs unveils a novel type of transcriptome deregulation in amyloid beta neuropathology

    Yubo Cheng et al.
    SINE RNAs are implicated in amyloid beta molecular pathology in hippocampus.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ClpAP proteolysis does not require rotation of the ClpA unfoldase relative to ClpP

    Sora Kim et al.
    Crosslinking the AAA+ protease interface does not abolish protein degradation by ClpAP, establishing that rotation of the AAA+ unfoldase with respect to its partner peptidase is not essential for activity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of diverse poxin cGAMP nucleases reveal a widespread role for cGAS-STING evasion in host–pathogen conflict

    James B Eaglesham et al.
    Poxin enzymes are a diverse family of insect and viral 2′3′-cGAMP nucleases, which evolved from self-cleaving RNA virus accessory proteases.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Genetic timestamping of plasma cells in vivo reveals tissue-specific homeostatic population turnover

    An Qi Xu et al.
    A new system to genetically label and manipulate plasma cells in vivo in their microenvironment resolves current technical limitations and reveals tissue-specific homeostatic population turnover.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Reassessment of the involvement of Snord115 in the serotonin 2c receptor pathway in a genetically relevant mouse model

    Jade Hebras et al.
    Knockout of Snord115 has mild impact on expression and function of the serotonin 2C receptor.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic profiling of protein burden and nuclear export overload

    Reiko Kintaka et al.
    A comprehensive analysis of yeast mutants has provided clues to understanding the physiological conditions caused by protein overexpression.