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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-122 supports robust innate immunity in hepatocytes by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway

    Hui Xu et al.
    The liver-specific miRNA microRNA-122 plays a previously unknown role in hepatocyte intrinsic innate immunity by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Single-molecule functional anatomy of endogenous HER2-HER3 heterodimers

    Byoungsan Choi et al.
    Single-molecule immunoprecipitation method reveals that the high catalytic rate and multi-tasking capability make a concerted contribution to the strong signaling potency of the HER2-HER3 heterodimers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fine-tuning of substrate preferences of the Src-family kinase Lck revealed through a high-throughput specificity screen

    Neel H Shah et al.
    A high-throughput comparison of substrate specificities of the Src-family kinases Lck and c-Src against a library of proteome-derived phosphorylation sites reveals that Lck has evolved divergent electrostatic features reflecting its involvement in T-cell signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The tumor suppressor PTPRK promotes ZNRF3 internalization and is required for Wnt inhibition in the Spemann organizer

    Ling-Shih Chang et al.
    Two cancer related proteins, tyrosine phosphatase PTPRK and ubiquitin ligase ZNRF3, interact to downregulate Wnt receptors, thereby regulating Spemann organizer function during Xenopus development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Comprehensive substrate specificity profiling of the human Nek kinome reveals unexpected signaling outputs

    Bert van de Kooij et al.
    The human NimA-related kinases (Neks) recognize divergent substrate motifs, and include Nek10 as a dual-specificity serine/tyrosine kinase, and Nek6, Nek7 and Nek9 as amplifiers of the Plk1 phospho-motif.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Small-Molecule Inhibitors: Disrupting enzyme fluidity

    Ganesh Srinivasan Anand
    A combination of X-ray crystallography, NMR, and mass spectrometry has revealed how diverse small-molecule inhibitors bind Bruton’s tyrosine kinase and alter the conformation of this enzyme.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Collagen induces activation of DDR1 through lateral dimer association and phosphorylation between dimers

    Victoria Juskaite et al.
    Ligand binding induces DDR1 kinase activity through recruitment of DDR1 receptors into signalling clusters in which phosphorylation occurs across different dimers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Differential TAM receptor–ligand–phospholipid interactions delimit differential TAM bioactivities

    Erin D Lew et al.
    Signaling by TAM receptor tyrosine kinases requires the coincident engagement of a TAM ligand with both its receptor and the phospholipid phosphatidylserine.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Specific Eph receptor-cytoplasmic effector signaling mediated by SAM–SAM domain interactions

    Yue Wang et al.
    Comparative structural studies reveal how the cytoplasmic tails of Eph receptors can differentiate different downstream target proteins via highly specific SAM–SAM domain interactions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM analyses reveal the common mechanism and diversification in the activation of RET by different ligands

    Jie Li et al.
    Cryo-EM studies reveal structural basis for the activation, auto-inhibition and regulation of RET receptor tyrosine kinase.