597 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic control of excitatory post-synaptic differentiation through neuroligin-1 tyrosine phosphorylation

    Mathieu Letellier et al.
    Orthogonal to traditional paradigms that manipulate neuroligin expression level, optogenetic stimulation of tyrosine phosphorylation highlights a role of the intracellular domain of endogenous neuroligin-1 in excitatory synaptic differentiation and potentiation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Single-molecule functional anatomy of endogenous HER2-HER3 heterodimers

    Byoungsan Choi et al.
    Single-molecule immunoprecipitation method reveals that the high catalytic rate and multi-tasking capability make a concerted contribution to the strong signaling potency of the HER2-HER3 heterodimers.
    1. Cell Biology

    The homophilic receptor PTPRK selectively dephosphorylates multiple junctional regulators to promote cell–cell adhesion

    Gareth W Fearnley et al.
    Systematic proteomic approaches identify several cell junction regulators as substrates for the homophilic receptor tyrosine phosphatase PTPRK and implicate its pseudophosphatase domain in substrate recognition.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Jak2-mediated phosphorylation of Atoh1 is critical for medulloblastoma growth

    Tiemo J Klisch et al.
    Aberrant phosphorylation of tyrosine 78 on Atoh1 via Jak2 is responsible for sonic hedgehog type medulloblastoma growths in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology

    LRP1 integrates murine macrophage cholesterol homeostasis and inflammatory responses in atherosclerosis

    Xunde Xian et al.
    Tyrosine phosphorylation of the intracellular domain of LRP1 serves as a molecular switch to regulate cellular cholesterol homeostasis through nuclear hormone receptor-mediated regulation of the cellular cholesterol exporter ABCA1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An electrostatic selection mechanism controls sequential kinase signaling downstream of the T cell receptor

    Neel H Shah et al.
    A high-throughput technique to characterize the substrate specificities of tyrosine kinases identifies the key features of kinases and substrates that enforce accurate signaling from T cell receptors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    3D in situ imaging of the female reproductive tract reveals molecular signatures of fertilizing spermatozoa in mice

    Lukas Ded et al.
    Fertilizing mouse spermatozoa, characterized by intact CatSper channels, lack of protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and reacted acrosomes, in the female reproductive tract provide molecular insight into sperm selection for successful fertilization.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    eNOS-induced vascular barrier disruption in retinopathy by c-Src activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of VE-cadherin

    Takeshi Ninchoji et al.
    Vascular leakage from pathological vessels in retinopathy aggravates the disease, but endothelial junction stability and barrier integrity can be restored by blocking formation of nitric oxide.
    1. Neuroscience

    APP modulates KCC2 expression and function in hippocampal GABAergic inhibition

    Ming Chen et al.
    APP interacts with KCC2 to limit the latter from tyrosine-phosphorylation and ubiquitination and thus subsequent degradation, revealing a novel molecular pathway in which APP regulates GABAergic signaling and thus inhibition in the hippocampus.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-122 supports robust innate immunity in hepatocytes by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway

    Hui Xu et al.
    The liver-specific miRNA microRNA-122 plays a previously unknown role in hepatocyte intrinsic innate immunity by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway.

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