95 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    Melanoma: Accelerating cancer without mutations

    Douglas E Brash
    Mice get melanoma faster when they have common, inherited variants in a few genes that control cell-wide changes but also respond to the environment.
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    1. Cancer Biology

    Different genetic mechanisms mediate spontaneous versus UVR-induced malignant melanoma

    Blake Ferguson et al.
    Genetic variation determines whether or not UV exposure accelerates melanoma development.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Cancer Risk: Why do women with melanoma do better than men?

    Keiran SM Smalley
    Harnessing female sex hormones may improve how all patients with melanoma respond to treatment.
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    1. Cancer Biology

    Reproducibility in Cancer Biology: Melanoma mystery

    Roger J Davis
    Biological variability has confounded efforts to confirm the role of PREX2 mutations in melanoma.
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    1. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The secret lives of Drosophila flies

    Therese Ann Markow
    After decades of intensive research, D. melanogaster and its relatives could provide important tools for investigating future biological questions about human health and environmental change, but only if we better understand their natural history.
    1. Ecology
    2. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Biochemistry: Shedding light on sunscreen biosynthesis in zebrafish

    Carolyn A Brotherton, Emily P Balskus
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The Norway rat, from an obnoxious pest to a laboratory pet

    Klaudia Modlinska, Wojciech Pisula
    The rat is much more than a simple model, and a better appreciation of the natural history of wild rats would increase its value as a research organism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous activation of visual pigments in relation to openness/closedness of chromophore-binding pocket

    Wendy Wing Sze Yue et al.
    Visual pigments with a longer peak-absorption wavelength or an open chromophore-binding pocket are generally noisier, being more prone to spontaneous activity.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β reduces DNA ds-break repair mechanisms to heighten genetic diversity and adaptability of CD44+/CD24− cancer cells

    Debjani Pal et al.
    Phenotypic diversity and cell state transition (i.e., acquisition of a CD44+/CD24- cell state or exposure to TGF-beta) can spur intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity and contribute to acquired resistance.

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