53 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    Different genetic mechanisms mediate spontaneous versus UVR-induced malignant melanoma

    Blake Ferguson et al.
    Genetic variation determines whether or not UV exposure accelerates melanoma development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nucleophile sensitivity of Drosophila TRPA1 underlies light-induced feeding deterrence

    Eun Jo Du et al.
    Electron-donating nucleophilic compounds activate TRPA1 ion channels in fruit flies and mosquitoes, but not humans, making TRPA1 a promising target for insect repellants.
    1. Neuroscience

    The RFamide receptor DMSR-1 regulates stress-induced sleep in C. elegans

    Michael J Iannacone et al.
    During sickness, sleep is induced by neuropeptides, which contain an amidated arginine-phenylalanine motif, acting in a neuroendocrine fashion on a G-protein coupled receptor called DMSR-1.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Melanoma: Accelerating cancer without mutations

    Douglas E Brash
    Mice get melanoma faster when they have common, inherited variants in a few genes that control cell-wide changes but also respond to the environment.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Ecology

    De novo synthesis of a sunscreen compound in vertebrates

    Andrew R Osborn et al.
    Many vertebrates are able to synthesize a sunscreen compound de novo and the pathway involved can be used for heterologous production of the compound in yeast.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Cancer Risk: Why do women with melanoma do better than men?

    Keiran SM Smalley
    Harnessing female sex hormones may improve how all patients with melanoma respond to treatment.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Ciliary and rhabdomeric photoreceptor-cell circuits form a spectral depth gauge in marine zooplankton

    Csaba Verasztó et al.
    In a zooplankton larva, ciliary and rhabdomeric photoreceptor cells work antagonistically to form a spectral depth gauge.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulatory consequences of neuronal ELAV-like protein binding to coding and non-coding RNAs in human brain

    Claudia Scheckel et al.
    Neuronal ELAV-like (nELAVL) proteins are associated with non-coding Y RNAs in stressed neurons and in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients, suggesting a new means of regulatory protein sequestration and mRNA target regulation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Biochemistry: Shedding light on sunscreen biosynthesis in zebrafish

    Carolyn A Brotherton, Emily P Balskus
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