396 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus salience determines defensive behaviors elicited by aversively conditioned serial compound auditory stimuli

    Sarah Hersman et al.
    Perceived imminence of threat and resulting intensity of defensive responses during serial compound stimulus conditioning are determined by auditory stimulus salience, not cue sequence as recently reported.
    1. Neuroscience

    Generality and opponency of rostromedial tegmental (RMTg) roles in valence processing

    Hao Li et al.
    Rostromedial tegmental neurons encode motivational valence and opponent responses across a wide range of affective stimulus modalities, while also driving dopamine inhibition and conditioned place aversion to aversive stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coding of stimulus strength via analog calcium signals in Purkinje cell dendrites of awake mice

    Farzaneh Najafi et al.
    Sensory-driven calcium spikes in Purkinje cells are not binary; instead, they are graded and can provide information about the strength of a periocular airpuff stimulus known to drive learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute disruption of the synaptic vesicle membrane protein synaptotagmin 1 using knockoff in mouse hippocampal neurons

    Jason D Vevea, Edwin R Chapman
    Knockoff is a tool for researchers who wish to acutely disrupt a membrane protein.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The tumor microenvironment as a metabolic barrier to effector T cells and immunotherapy

    Aaron R Lim et al.
    Diverse components of the tumor microenvironment affect T cell metabolism in ways that are crucial to improving immunotherapy.
    1. Cell Biology

    ERK3/MAPK6 controls IL-8 production and chemotaxis

    Katarzyna Bogucka et al.
    Understudied atypical MAPK, ERK3 controls epithelial secretome and chemotaxis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociable control of unconditioned responses and associative fear learning by parabrachial CGRP neurons

    Anna J Bowen et al.
    Parabrachial neurons expressing CGRP relay affective components of ascending pain information via distinct thalamic and amygdalar pathways, which together contribute to complementary aspects of adaptive threat responses.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tuning movement for sensing in an uncertain world

    Chen Chen et al.
    Animals work in a world full of surprises, where using energy to position sensors proportional to the location's expected information avoids the pitfalls of positioning them at the information maxima.
    1. Neuroscience

    Male-predominant galanin mediates androgen-dependent aggressive chases in medaka

    Junpei Yamashita et al.
    In medaka fish, galanin-expressing neurons in the medial preoptic area occur nearly exclusively in males and mediate androgen-dependent male–male aggressive chases.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MEIS-mediated suppression of human prostate cancer growth and metastasis through HOXB13-dependent regulation of proteoglycans

    Calvin VanOpstall et al.
    The HOXB13 binding partner MEIS1 suppresses prostate cancer proliferation, invasion, and metastasis by promoting expression of the anti-oncogenic extracellular proteoglycan Decorin.

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