260 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Generality and opponency of rostromedial tegmental (RMTg) roles in valence processing

    Hao Li et al.
    Rostromedial tegmental neurons encode motivational valence and opponent responses across a wide range of affective stimulus modalities, while also driving dopamine inhibition and conditioned place aversion to aversive stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coding of stimulus strength via analog calcium signals in Purkinje cell dendrites of awake mice

    Farzaneh Najafi et al.
    Sensory-driven calcium spikes in Purkinje cells are not binary; instead, they are graded and can provide information about the strength of a periocular airpuff stimulus known to drive learning.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Post-decision biases reveal a self-consistency principle in perceptual inference

    Long Luu, Alan A Stocker
    Humans are biased in their assessment of sensory information by their own preceding categorical judgment in an attempt to remain self-consistent.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute intermittent hypoxia enhances corticospinal synaptic plasticity in humans

    Lasse Christiansen et al.
    Acute intermittent hypoxia is a noninvasive approach that enhances corticospinal function in humans, likely through alterations in corticospinal-motoneuronal synaptic transmission.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial colonization stimulates a complex physiological response in the immature human intestinal epithelium

    David R Hill et al.
    Contact with bacteria and subsequent hypoxia promotes functional maturation of the immature gastrointestinal tract.
    1. Neuroscience

    Risk of punishment influences discrete and coordinated encoding of reward-guided actions by prefrontal cortex and VTA neurons

    Junchol Park, Bita Moghaddam
    Risk of punishment during reward seeking behavior is associated with a functional "disconnection" of the PFC-VTA circuit due to a transient loss of VTA-driven theta oscillation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent coding of outcome-predictive cue features in the rat nucleus accumbens

    Jimmie M Gmaz et al.
    Neural activity in the rat nucleus accumbens provides a rich task representation that includes not only expected outcomes, but also the specific identity of the cues that predict these outcomes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tenectin recruits integrin to stabilize bouton architecture and regulate vesicle release at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction

    Qi Wang et al.
    Characterization of Tnc as a selective integrin ligand at the Drosophila NMJ allows for unprecedented insights into our understanding of extracellular matrix/integrin interactions at synaptic locations and reveals novel, distinct presynaptic and postsynaptic integrin functions.
    1. Neuroscience

    The AMPA receptor-associated protein Shisa7 regulates hippocampal synaptic function and contextual memory

    Leanne J M Schmitz et al.
    Shisa7 is a bona-fide AMPAR modulatory protein affecting channel kinetics of hippocampal AMPARs, and is necessary for synaptic plasticity and memory recall.
    1. Neuroscience

    Organization of the Drosophila larval visual circuit

    Ivan Larderet et al.
    The synaptic connectome of the Drosophila larval visual circuit is the first case of a completely reconstructed visual network in a genetically fully tractable model organism.

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