83 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Free-living human cells reconfigure their chromosomes in the evolution back to uni-cellularity

    Jin Xu et al.
    Human cell lines regress to become ‘de-sexualized’ by reconfiguring to a 2:3 X/A ratio of high fitness, thus shedding light on the evolution of mammalian sex chromosomes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    m6A RNA methylation impacts fate choices during skin morphogenesis

    Linghe Xi et al.
    METTL3-mediated m6A modification maintains proper cell lineage specification during skin epithelium morphogenesis by coupling transcription and translation of key regulatory pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A unicellular relative of animals generates a layer of polarized cells by actomyosin-dependent cellularization

    Omaya Dudin et al.
    Cellularization in Sphaeroforma arctica generates a self-organized structure that morphologically resembles an epithelium, and is associated with tightly regulated expression of cell adhesion pathways.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Extracellular matrix-inducing Sox9 promotes both basal progenitor proliferation and gliogenesis in developing neocortex

    Ayse Güven et al.
    Transcription factor Sox9 has an important role in neocortex expansion, where its expression in basal progenitors increases proliferation, induces premature gliogenesis and promotes the expression of extracellular matrix components.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular control of local sleep in mouse sensory cortex

    Laura MJ Fernandez et al.
    Local cortical sleep features arise subcortically due to heterogeneous burst discharge in neurons of a sleep rhythm pacemaker previously thought to act uniformly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures reveal opening of the store-operated calcium channel Orai

    Xiaowei Hou et al.
    The structure of the calcium channel Orai in an open conformation reveals a dilated pore and gives insight into mechanisms of ion permeation and calcium selectivity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) paralog dose governs T cell effector and regulatory functions

    Alejandro Villarino et al.
    Asymmetrical expression dictates functional dominance of one STAT5 paralog at cellular and tissue levels despite redundancy at molecular and genomic levels.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Developmental, cellular, and behavioral phenotypes in a mouse model of congenital hypoplasia of the dentate gyrus

    Amir Rattner et al.
    A mouse mutant in which nearly all dentate gyrus granule cells fail to develop provides a new window on the role of the dentate gyrus in spatial learning and memory.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    DIPPER, a spatiotemporal proteomics atlas of human intervertebral discs for exploring ageing and degeneration dynamics

    Vivian Tam et al.
    Deep and comprehensive proteomic resource of human intervertebral disc at high spatial resolution with a methodological flow reveals new insights in disc homeostasis and degeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Differential requirement of kindlin-3 for T cell progenitor homing to the non-vascularized and vascularized thymus

    Federico Andrea Moretti et al.
    T cell progenitor homing into the thymus requires kindlin-3 to stabilize their adhesion to vascular integrin ligands when blood flow velocities and shear rates increase during development.

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