12 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    eIF1A residues implicated in cancer stabilize translation preinitiation complexes and favor suboptimal initiation sites in yeast

    Pilar Martin-Marcos et al.
    Substitutions in general translation initiation factor eIF1A found as recurring somatic mutations in uveal melanoma destabilize the closed conformation of the preinitiation complex at the start codon and increase discrimination against suboptimal initiation codons genome-wide.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Simulation of spontaneous G protein activation reveals a new intermediate driving GDP unbinding

    Xianqiang Sun et al.
    Combining powerful simulation methods uncovers the structural and dynamical changes driving G protein activation in atomic detail, revealing the allosteric network that triggers GDP release and reconciling diverse experimental data.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Co-targeting the tumor endothelium and P-selectin-expressing glioblastoma cells leads to a remarkable therapeutic outcome

    Shiran Ferber et al.
    Treatment with precision nanomedicine in combination with an anti-angiogenic peptide enhance anti-tumor efficacy while minimizing toxicities in a pre-clinical glioblastoma model, making this approach a promising and important therapeutic alternative for patients.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multiple tumor suppressors regulate a HIF-dependent negative feedback loop via ISGF3 in human clear cell renal cancer

    Lili Liao et al.
    Major secondary tumor suppressors in kidney cancer are required to maintain the activity of a tumor suppressive transcription factor after the loss of the primary tumor suppressor VHL.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Genome-wide CRISPR screening reveals genetic modifiers of mutant EGFR dependence in human NSCLC

    Hao Zeng et al.
    Functional genomic screening reveals new synthetic lethality with and modes of resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeted therapy in EGFR-mutant human lung cancer.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Histidine pH sensor regulates activation of the Ras-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor RasGRP1

    Yvonne Vercoulen et al.
    The Ras activator RasGRP1 that impacts Ras signals in immune cells, leukemias, and colorectal cancer, switches to an active conformation aided by a pH-sensitive histidine residue in a central location of the RasGRP1 molecule.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Copy-number and gene dependency analysis reveals partial copy loss of wild-type SF3B1 as a novel cancer vulnerability

    Brenton R Paolella et al.
    Partial copy loss of spliceosome genes are common non-driver gene dependencies in cancer.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Translational initiation factor eIF5 replaces eIF1 on the 40S ribosomal subunit to promote start-codon recognition

    Jose Luis Llácer et al.
    The N-terminal domain (NTD) of the initiation factor eIF5 bound to the 40S subunit at the precise location vacated by eIF1 promotes tRNAi accommodation at AUG codons.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Wnt5a signaling induced phosphorylation increases APT1 activity and promotes melanoma metastatic behavior

    Rochelle Shirin Sadeghi et al.
    Phosphorylation of serine residues 209 and 210 on APT1 increases its depalmitoylating activity, promoting Wnt5a mediated melanoma cell invasion.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Loss of functional BAP1 augments sensitivity to TRAIL in cancer cells

    Krishna Kalyan Kolluri et al.
    Loss of BAP1 function is associated with increased sensitivity to TRAIL and other death receptor agonists in malignant mesothelioma, where this is a frequent event, with immediate and actionable therapeutic implications.

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