316 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A broadly neutralizing macaque monoclonal antibody against the HIV-1 V3-Glycan patch

    Zijun Wang et al.
    Rhesus macaques can develop broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) against the V3-glycan patch of Env that resembles human V3/N332 bNABs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal V2b neurons reveal a role for ipsilateral inhibition in speed control

    Rebecca A Callahan et al.
    Two anatomically and genetically distinct subtypes of spinal V2b neurons provide inhibition onto motor circuits and serve as a brake on locomotor speed.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct clonal evolution of B-cells in HIV controllers with neutralizing antibody breadth

    Deniz Cizmeci et al.
    Extended somatic hypermutation and clonal evolution associated with antibody neutralization breath in HIV controllers with low plasma viral loads provide promise for HIV vaccine development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Structural basis for germline antibody recognition of HIV-1 immunogens

    Louise Scharf et al.
    Structural and computational analyses of germline antibody/HIV-1 gp120 complexes provide both general principles relevant to the unusual evolution of potent CD4-binding site antibodies and guidelines for structure-based immunogen design.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Germline VRC01 antibody recognition of a modified clade C HIV-1 envelope trimer and a glycosylated HIV-1 gp120 core

    Andrew J Borst et al.
    An integrative structural and biophysical workflow indicates engagement of VRC01 germline antibodies can occur with a gp120 426c core construct containing all wild-type N-linked glycosylation sites, including the Asn276 glycan.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cytoneme delivery of Sonic Hedgehog from ligand-producing cells requires Myosin 10 and a Dispatched-BOC/CDON co-receptor complex

    Eric T Hall et al.
    Sonic Hedgehog is transported inside cytonemes with co-receptors that promote contact-mediated signal delivery to initiate rapid, receptor-dependent responses in recipient cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Multiplexed measurement of variant abundance and activity reveals VKOR topology, active site and human variant impact

    Melissa A Chiasson et al.
    Human vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKOR) has a four transmembrane domain topology that supports the use of a homology model, enabling identification of active site residues and human variant impact.
    1. Cell Biology

    Impaired skeletal muscle mitochondrial pyruvate uptake rewires glucose metabolism to drive whole-body leanness

    Arpit Sharma et al.
    Skeletal muscle mitochondrial pyruvate carrier disruption increases muscle fatty acid oxidation and systemic glucose turnover that drive whole-body leanness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple neurons encode CrebB dependent appetitive long-term memory in the mushroom body circuit

    Yves F Widmer et al.
    The transcription factor CrebB mediates long-term memory formation in different neurons within the mushroom body learning circuit, including mushroom body intrinsic and output neurons but not dopaminergic input neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speed and segmentation control mechanisms characterized in rhythmically-active circuits created from spinal neurons produced from genetically-tagged embryonic stem cells

    Matthew J Sternfeld et al.
    Stem cell derived ventral-spinal cord excitatory neurons self-assemble into a rhythmically bursting neural network whose speed and intercellular coordination are both instructively modulated by cell-type specific interactions with inhibitory neurons.

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