211 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Estimates of the global burden of Japanese encephalitis and the impact of vaccination from 2000-2015

    Tran Minh Quan et al.
    Modelling analysis reveals the burden of Japanese Encephalitis is greater than previously thought, and although vaccination has reduced burden, there are remaining places with a great need for vaccination.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Impact of COVID-19-related disruptions to measles, meningococcal A, and yellow fever vaccination in 10 countries

    Katy AM Gaythorpe et al.
    Routine and campaign vaccination disruption in 2020 may lead to measles outbreaks and yellow fever burden increases in some countries, but is unlikely to greatly increase meningococcal A burden.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The intractable challenge of evaluating cattle vaccination as a control for bovine Tuberculosis

    Andrew James Kerr Conlan et al.
    Natural transmission experiments should be prioritised over risky and expensive field trials, in order to establish the impact of cattle vaccination on the transmission of bovine Tuberculosis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating between-host transmission and within-host immunity to analyze the impact of varicella vaccination on zoster

    Benson Ogunjimi et al.
    An individual-based model estimates exogenous boosting of immunity following re-exposure to chickenpox is limited to 2 years after re-exposure, but an increase in herpes zoster incidence is still expected to occur following universal varicella vaccination.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Lives saved with vaccination for 10 pathogens across 112 countries in a pre-COVID-19 world

    Jaspreet Toor et al.
    Vaccination activities that occurred before the COVID-19 pandemic, 2000-2019, are estimated to avert 50 million deaths, highlighting the enormous benefits of continued and improving vaccination.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Parental vaccination to reduce measles immunity gaps in Italy

    Valentina Marziano et al.
    Offering measles vaccination to parents who bring their children to receive any dose of measles vaccine can accelerate measles elimination in Italy.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The global burden of yellow fever

    Katy AM Gaythorpe et al.
    Yellow fever, a potentially deadly viral hemorrhagic fever, causes up to 82,000 deaths annually worldwide, and mass vaccination activities have reduced the burden by 47% in Africa.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Repeated introductions and intensive community transmission fueled a mumps virus outbreak in Washington State

    Louise H Moncla et al.
    Social networks can be the primary risk factor for mumps infection and transmission, regardless of age and vaccination status.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Asynchrony between virus diversity and antibody selection limits influenza virus evolution

    Dylan H Morris et al.
    Despite the virus' error prone polymerase, influenza virus antigenic evolution is rare, even in previously immune hosts, virus replication occurs before producing new antibodies.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Earliest infections predict the age distribution of seasonal influenza A cases

    Philip Arevalo et al.
    First influenza infections determine susceptibility to future seasonal influenza infection throughout life, and may impact vaccine effectiveness.

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