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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Proteome-wide analysis of a malaria vaccine study reveals personalized humoral immune profiles in Tanzanian adults

    Flavia Camponovo et al.
    Malaria pre-exposed volunteers exhibit large breadth of humoral immune responses, with strong variation between individuals, which might compromise vaccine-induced humoral immune response due to natural imprinting.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modeling the impact of racial and ethnic disparities on COVID-19 epidemic dynamics

    Kevin C Ma et al.
    Racial and ethnic disparities in SARS-CoV-2 infection rates can impact overall epidemic dynamics and herd immunity, underscoring the need to develop socially informed transmission models that account for population variability.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A morphological transformation in respiratory syncytial virus leads to enhanced complement deposition

    Jessica P Kuppan et al.
    Respiratory syncytial virus produces filamentous particles that change shape when the viral matrix detaches from the viral membrane, and this change in shape results in enhanced deposition of complement proteins, with potential downstream consequences.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Global mapping of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 viruses with spatial cross-validation

    Madhur S Dhingra et al.
    The global suitability for avian flu H5N1 in poultry is predicted and spatially cross-validated, highlighting areas where the disease can spread in the absence of prevention and control, and represent a public health threat.
    1. Medicine
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Reducing respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization in a lower-income country by vaccinating mothers-to-be and their households

    Samuel PC Brand et al.
    Targeting the mothers, and other household members, of newborns with a mixture of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccines is both efficient and effective at reducing RSV hospitalizations.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Primary and secondary anti-viral response captured by the dynamics and phenotype of individual T cell clones

    Anastasia A Minervina et al.
    High-throughput clonal tracking quantifies intrinsic differences between primary and secondary T cell response.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tuning of in vivo cognate B-T cell interactions by Intersectin 2 is required for effective anti-viral B cell immunity

    Marianne Burbage et al.
    Intersectin2 deficiency is associated with impaired humoral responses to viral infection and B-cell-intrisic defects in germinal centre formation, resulting from the reduced ability of intersectin2-KO B cells to establish cognate interactions with helper T cells.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Nationally-representative serostudy of dengue in Bangladesh allows generalizable disease burden estimates

    Henrik Salje et al.
    To maximize broad insight on disease burden, seroprevalence studies should be generalizable to the wider population, both in age and location.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Vitamin A supplements, routine immunization, and the subsequent risk of Plasmodium infection among children under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa

    Maria-Graciela Hollm-Delgado et al.
    An analysis of national survey data shows that vitamin A might protect against malaria infection, an effect potentially modified by seasonality, and that no routine vaccinations were linked to parasitemia, though BCG vaccination was associated with PfHRP-2 antigenemia.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The effect of climate change on yellow fever disease burden in Africa

    Katy AM Gaythorpe et al.
    Analysis of yellow fever burden in Africa illustrates the need to consider the effect of a changing climactic conditions when planning future intervention strategies.