146 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Co-evolution within structured bacterial communities results in multiple expansion of CRISPR loci and enhanced immunity

    Nora C Pyenson, Luciano A Marraffini
    Cells must acquire multiple viral spacer sequences to neutralize mutant escaper phages and form colonies during the CRISPR-Cas immune response.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Rejuvenating conventional dendritic cells and T follicular helper cell formation after vaccination

    Marisa Stebegg et al.
    Older individuals have impaired conventional dendritic cell and T follicular helper cell formation upon vaccination, which can be rescued by treatment with a TLR7 agonist.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Primary and secondary anti-viral response captured by the dynamics and phenotype of individual T cell clones

    Anastasia A Minervina et al.
    High-throughput clonal tracking quantifies intrinsic differences between primary and secondary T cell response.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Potential impact of outpatient stewardship interventions on antibiotic exposures of common bacterial pathogens

    Christine Tedijanto et al.
    Antibiotic stewardship in the outpatient setting can substantially reduce exposures of potential pathogens to common antibiotics, and complementary efforts are needed to reduce remaining exposures that occur in 'necessary' contexts.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Understanding the glioblastoma immune microenvironment as basis for the development of new immunotherapeutic strategies

    Ana Rita Pombo Antunes et al.
    The heterogeneity of immune cell types in glioblastoma tumors depends on the tumor's genetic make-up and treatment status and is an incompletely mined source of novel therapeutic targets.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue-specific shaping of the TCR repertoire and antigen specificity of iNKT cells

    Rebeca Jimeno et al.
    The tissue environment shapes the lipid recognition capacity of natural killer T cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Broadly neutralizing human antibodies against dengue virus identified by single B cell transcriptomics

    Natasha D Durham et al.
    Identification of viral and host determinants of broadly neutralizing antibodies targeting a new epitope on dengue virus that can be used to guide vaccine design.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Risk factors for asthma among schoolchildren who participated in a case-control study in urban Uganda

    Harriet Mpairwe et al.
    Asthma risk among schoolchildren increases depending on area of residence in early life, from rural to town to city, and this risk increases further with other known risk factors.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rhabdo-immunodeficiency virus, a murine model of acute HIV-1 infection

    Rachel A Liberatore et al.
    A new animal model permits the in vivo study of HIV-1 entry, as well as the elicitation and antiviral activity of antibodies, in a genetically manipulatable host.

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