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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Epitope resurfacing on dengue virus-like particle vaccine preparation to induce broad neutralizing antibody

    Wen-Fan Shen et al.
    Despite size heterogeneity, an epitope-resurfaced mature-form dengue VLP has the potential to induce quaternary structure-recognizing broad cross-reactive neutralizing antibodies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular cartography of the organ of Corti based on optical tissue clearing and machine learning

    Shinji Urata et al.
    A method of generating comprehensive maps of cochlear cells was created and enabled researchers to study characteristics of cellular damage in aged and noise-exposed inner ear.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Linking time-series of single-molecule experiments with molecular dynamics simulations by machine learning

    Yasuhiro Matsunaga, Yuji Sugita
    A general machine learning scheme for integrating time-series data from single-molecule experiments and molecular dynamics simulations is proposed and successfully demonstrated for the folding dynamics of the WW domain.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vaccine Design: Chimeras could help in the fight against leptospirosis

    Jademilson C Santos, Ana Lucia TO Nascimento
    Understanding the structure of an antigen can guide the design of improved antigen-based vaccines.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    A single, continuous metric to define tiered serum neutralization potency against HIV

    Peter Hraber et al.
    To quantify serum or antibody activity against HIV-1, logistic regression of single-dilution neutralization outcomes can efficiently summarize neutralization potency and indicate which samples may lack sufficient statistical support, for high-throughput screening in large-scale vaccine trials.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Diagnostic potential for a serum miRNA neural network for detection of ovarian cancer

    Kevin M Elias et al.
    Application of machine learning to serum miRNA profiles generated through next generation sequencing identifies a biologically relevant miRNA signature which can be deployed as a qPCR test to assist the diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer.
    1. Neuroscience

    Internal models for interpreting neural population activity during sensorimotor control

    Matthew D Golub et al.
    A novel analysis of neural activity recorded in monkeys performing a “brain-machine interface” task reveals that a mismatch between motor effectors and the brains’ internal models of those effectors can explain a substantial portion of movement errors.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    RNA virus attenuation by codon pair deoptimisation is an artefact of increases in CpG/UpA dinucleotide frequencies

    Fiona Tulloch et al.
    Attenuating candidate live virus vaccines by incorporating unfavoured codon pairs to reduce translation efficiency is actually mediated though changes in frequencies of CpG and UpA dinucleotides, which make viruses more visible to the innate immune system.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Malaria parasite CelTOS targets the inner leaflet of cell membranes for pore-dependent disruption

    John R Jimah et al.
    The structure, function and mechanism of the malaria vaccine candidate CelTOS reveal a unique pore-forming and membrane-disrupting protein with specificity for the inner leaflet of host and vector cells.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Integrative genomic analysis of the human immune response to influenza vaccination

    Luis M Franco et al.
    By comparing gene expression in people before and after they received the influenza vaccine, researchers were able to identify genes that contribute to differences in individual responses to vaccination.